Drygrange Old Bridge

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Drygrange Old Bridge
File:The Drygrange Bridge over the River Tweed - geograph.org.uk - 74212.jpg
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Crosses River Tweed
Characteristics
Material Stone
Longest span 105 feet (32 m)
Number of spans 4
History
Construction begin 1776
Construction end 1780

The Drygrange Old Bridge is a disused road bridge over the River Tweed near Melrose in the Scottish Borders.

History

It was built between 1776 and 1780 to a design by Scottish architect and engineer Alexander Stevens.[1][2] It replaced a ferry as part of an improvement to a turnpike road.[2]

It was listed as a Category A listed building in 1970.[1]

It carried the A68 over the Tweed until 1974 when it was replaced by a box girder bridge to the east, engineered by Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners.[1] The old bridge is not open to vehicles, but can be crossed by pedestrians and bicycles.

Design

File:Three bridges over the River Tweed at Leaderfoot - geograph.org.uk - 586944.jpg
"Tripontium", with the new concrete road bridge in front of the Old Bridge and the viaduct behind

The Old Bridge has a central span of 105 feet (32 m), with two side spans of 55 feet (17 m), and a smaller arch in the south abutment.[1][2] The central arch has a rise of 34 feet (10 m).[2] The rounded cutwaters are carried up to the level of the roadway and are topped with angular pedestrian refuges.[2]

Hollow spandrels reduce the weight of the structure, an innovation by Thomas Telford.[1][3] The bridge has been modified by raising the level of the roadway on the approaches to make it more level, but the level of the original roadway can be seen in the string course on the exterior of the bridge.[1]

It is near to the Roman settlement of Trimontium, which is to the south-west of the viaduct.[4] To the west of the bridge is the Leaderfoot Viaduct, a disused railway viaduct, and to the west of the Old Bridge is its modern successor.[4] This group of three bridges is sometimes known as Tripontium.[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "Drygrange Old Bridge (Ref: 15106)". historic-scotland.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Drygrange Old Bridge". rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Ashford Carbonell Bridge". engineering-timelines.com. Retrieved 16 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 Google (16 March 2015). "Drygrange Old Bridge" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 16 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Leaderfoot Viaduct". rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links