Flag of Somalia

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Federal Republic of Somalia
Flag of Somalia.svg
Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted October 12 1954
Design A single white five-pointed star centered on a light blue field.
Designed by Mohammed Awale Liban

The Flag of Somalia (Somali: Calanka Soomaaliya, Arabic: علم الصومال‎‎), also known as the Somali Flag, is the official flag of the Federal Republic of Somalia. Adopted on October 12, 1954, it was designed by Mohammed Awale Liban.[1][2] Upon unification of Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland, the flag was used for the nascent Somali Republic. It was originally conceived and serves as an ethnic flag for the Somali people.[3]


The flag of Somalia was created in 1954 during the transitional trusteeship period of the nation's history. It was personally designed by the Somali scholar Mohammed Awale Liban, after he had been selected by the Somali labour trade union to come up with a design in preparation for independence.[1][2] The flag was first used in the Trust Territory of Somaliland and the short-lived State of Somaliland (former British Somaliland), which united on July 1, 1960 to form the Somali Republic.


Somali woman wearing a Somali flag dress.
Somali women at a Khatumo State launch ceremony wearing the Somali flag.

As an ethnic flag, the five-pointed white Star of Unity in its center represents the Somali ethnic group found in Djibouti, the Ogaden region in Ethiopia, the North Eastern Province in Kenya, and the former British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland territories in present-day Somalia.[3][4]

The Somali flag's light blue backdrop was originally influenced by the flag of the United Nations, in recognition of the UN's role in Somalia's transition to independence during the trusteeship period.[5][6] However, it now officially denotes the sky as well as the Indian Ocean, which flanks the country.[4]

The flag's blazon, or heraldic description, is: Azure, a mullet Argent.


The flag of Somalia can be faithfully reproduced using the following construction plan:

Construction sheet

Historical flags

The following are the flags historically used in the territory of present-day Somalia:

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 History of the flag
  2. 2.0 2.1 Maria Costantino, The Illustrated Flag Handbook, (Gramercy Books: 2001), p.185.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Somalia Flag". World Atlas. Retrieved 6 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 "The World Factbook - Somalia". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 22 July 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Znamierowski, Alfred. The World Encyclopedia of Flags. p. 222. ISBN 0-7548-0167-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Talocci, Mauro. Smith, Whitney, ed. Guide to the Flags of the World. p. 131. ISBN 0-688-01141-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>