Philip William, Elector Palatine

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Philip William
Elector Palatine
Count Palatine of Neuburg
Anonym Herzog Philipp Wilhelm.jpg
Philip William in 1685
Born (1615-11-24)24 November 1615
New Palace, Gießen, Germany
Died 2 September 1690(1690-09-02) (aged 74)
Vienna, Austria
Burial Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Spouse Anna Catherine Constance Vasa
(m. 1642–45; her death)
Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
(m. 1653–90; his death)
Eleonor Madeleine, Holy Roman Empress
John William, Elector Palatine
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Alexander Sigismund, Bishop of Augsburg
Francis Louis, Archbishop of Trier
Maria Sophia, Queen of Portugal
Maria Anna, Queen of Spain
Dorothea Sophie, Duchess of Parma
Hedwig Elisabeth, Princess Sobieski
House House of Wittelsbach
Father Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg
Mother Magdalene of Bavaria

Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (German: Philipp Wilhelm) (24 November 1615 – 2 September 1690) was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. He was the son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria.


In 1685, with the death of his Protestant cousin, the Elector Palatine Charles II, Philip William inherited the Electorate of the Palatinate, which thus switched from a Protestant to a Catholic territory. Charles II's sister, now the Duchess of Orléans and Louis XIV's sister-in-law, also claimed the Palatinate. This was the pretext for the French invasion in 1688, which began the Nine Years War.


Philip William married twice. He first married Princess Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, daughter of Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. The couple had a son who died at birth. Anne Catherine Constance herself died in 1651.

In 1653 Philipp Wilhelm married Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. This second marriage lasted 37 years and was regarded as extremely happy. They had 17 children, including the next two Palatine Electors, John William and Charles III Philip, as well as Elector-Archbishop Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg. Many of these children have descendants today. In the early years of their marriage, the couple lived in Düsseldorf, where they founded churches and monasteries.



External links

Media related to Philip William, Elector Palatine at Wikimedia Commons

Philip William, Elector Palatine
Born: 1615 Died: 1690
German royalty
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Wolfgang Wilhelm
Count Palatine of Neuburg
Succeeded by
Johann Wilhelm
Duke of Jülich
Duke of Berg

Preceded by
Charles II
Elector Palatine