Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (September 2009)|
|The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry|
Cap Badge of The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
Knife and Forkers
|Motto||Pro Artis Et Focis
Latin: "for Hearth and Home"
|March||Quick March(band) - Wee Cooper of Fife; Slow March(band) Bonnie Dundee|
It was raised to counter the threat of invasion by France in the late 18th Century but first saw service in the Boer War. The Regiment saw heavy fighting in both the Great War and World War II.
- 1 History
- 1.1 The Fife and Forfar Light Horse
- 1.2 20th Company of The Imperial Yeomanry
- 1.3 The Fife and Forfar Imperial Yeomanry
- 1.4 World War I
- 1.5 Between the wars
- 1.6 World War II
- 1.7 1947-1956
- 2 Memorials
- 3 Battle honours
- 4 Guidons
- 5 Decorations and Awards
- 6 Honorary Colonels and Commanding Officers
- 7 Accoutrements
- 8 Regimental Music
- 9 Affiliated Regiments and Formations
- 10 Alliances
- 11 The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry Locomotive
- 12 See also
- 13 Notes
- 14 References
- 15 Bibliography
- 16 External links
The Fife and Forfar Light Horse
- The Forfar Troop (aka The Angus Cavalry)
Raised in 1793 but it was not until 1875 when they attached themselves to the Fife Light Horse.
- Fifeshire Light Dragoons (a Fencible Cavalry unit)
Raised in 1798 was renamed The Fife Yeomanry Cavalry soon after, it name again gaining the designation “Royal” to its title in 1814 after receiving the thanks of both Houses of Parliament for its services.
- Fifeshire Mounted Rifle Volunteers
In 1860 "The Royal Fife Yeomanry Cavalry" was re-roled as "Fifeshire Mounted Rifle Volunteers" (FMRV) were under the command of the Earl of Rosslyn.
- 1st Fifeshire Light Horse Volunteer Corps
The FMRV were re-roled once more as Light Horse in 1870 and 1875 The Forfar Troop were formally attached forming The Fife and Forfar Light Horse.
20th Company of The Imperial Yeomanry
At the start of the Boer War volunteers from the Fife and Forfar Light Horse whose regiment could not be sent overseas volunteered to form The 20th (Fife and Forfar) Company Imperial Yeomanry for service in South Africa.
The Company served in South Africa from early 1900 and during it campaign received a total of 500 officers and men from the Fife and Forfar Light Horse.
The Fife and Forfar Imperial Yeomanry
In May 1901 the Fifeshire Volunteer Light Horse and the Forfarshire Volunteer Light Horse were amalgamated, and converted into a regiment of Imperial Yeomanry, to be designated the Fife and Forfar Imperial Yeomanry.
The "Imperial" was dropped from the title on the formation of the Territorial Force in 1908.
World War I
|Highland Mounted Brigade|
|Organisation on 4 August 1914
In accordance with the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw. 7, c.9), which brought the Territorial Force into being, the TF was intended to be a home defence force for service during wartime and members could not be compelled to serve outside the country. However, on the outbreak of war on 4 August 1914, many members volunteered for Imperial Service. Therefore, TF units were split in August and September 1914 into 1st Line (liable for overseas service) and 2nd Line (home service for those unable or unwilling to serve overseas) units. Later, a 3rd Line was formed to act as a reserve, providing trained replacements for the 1st and 2nd Line regiments.
1/1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
They were dismounted and eventually became The 14th (FFY) Battalion, of the Black Watch As part of the 74th (Yeomanry) Division they served in Egypt and Palestine in 1917 and 1918 before being moving to France in 1918.
2/1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
The 2nd Line regiment was formed in September 1914 and in January 1915 was assigned to the 2/1st Highland Mounted Brigade. On 31 March 1916, the remaining Mounted Brigades were ordered to be numbered in a single sequence; the brigade was numbered as 1st Mounted Brigade and joined the 1st Mounted Division in Norfolk. In July 1916, the 1st Mounted Division was reorganised as the 1st Cyclist Division and the regiment was transferred as a mounted unit to the 2nd Mounted Brigade in the new 1st Mounted Division (the former 3rd Mounted Division) in the Brentwood area.
In November 1916, the regiment was converted to a cyclist unit in 6th Cyclist Brigade at Ashington in Northumberland. By July 1917, it was at Acklington and it remained there until early 1918 when it went to Ireland with the 6th Cyclist Brigade. It was stationed at The Curragh until the end of the war.
3/1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
The 3rd Line regiment was formed in 1915; that summer, it was affiliated to a Reserve Cavalry Regiment at Aldershot. In June 1916, it was at Perth. The regiment was disbanded in early 1917 with personnel transferring to the 2nd Line or to the 4th (Reserve) Battalion of the Black Watch at Ripon.
Between the wars
On 7 February 1920, the Regiment was reconstituted in the Territorial Army with HQ still at Kirkcaldy. Following the experience of the war, it was decided that only the fourteen most senior yeomanry regiments would be retained as horsed cavalry, with the rest being transferred to other roles. As a result, on 6 January 1921, the Regiment was one of eight[lower-alpha 1] converted and reduced to 2nd (Fife and Forfar) Armoured Car Company, Tank Corps, later renumbered as 20th (Fife and Forfar) Armoured Car Company, Royal Tank Corps. On 30 April 1939, it was transferred to the Royal Armoured Corps.
By 1939, it became clear that a new European war was likely to break out, and the doubling of the Territorial Army was authorised, with each unit forming a duplicate. The Lothians were expanded to an armoured regiment in August 1939 as 1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry and formed a duplicate 2nd Fife and Forfar Yeomanry in the same month.
World War II
|This section requires expansion. (September 2009)|
1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
2nd Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
When the Territorial Army was re-formed in May 1947, the FFY resumed its pre-war role as an Armoured Car Regiment.
On 1 November 1956, the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry/Scottish Horse was formed by the amalgamation of the FFY with The Scottish Horse - the Regiments, which had neighbouring recruiting areas, were in the Royal Armoured Corps. The Fife and Forfar retained two squadrons and the brass band under the new structure, but a new combined cap badge was designed and the new regiment would wear the Atholl Bonnet of The Scottish Horse as their head dress.
There is a carved stone plaque dedicated to 'To the memory of all ranks - The Fife Light Horse and The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry 1860–1918' inside the ruined church building at Tulliallan Old Churchyard (also known as Woodlea Old Cemetery) Kincardine on Forth. See The Scottish War Memorial Project external link below.
A Fife and Forfar Memorial Font together with a book of remembrance is housed at Cupar Old Parish Church. The font was dedicated on 6 May 1951.
Another memorial was gifted by The Regiment to the Parish Church of Forfar (Old) on Sunday 28 October 1951.
On 7 September 2001, the South-of the Border Group of the Regimental Association dedicated a plaque, tree and bench in Yeomanry Avenue at the National Memorial Arboretum, Alrewas near Lichfield, to those of the 1st and 2nd FFY who gave their lives 1939-1945.
The battle honours of the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry are displayed on the guidon which was laid up at Cupar Old Parish Church when the regiment was amalgamated. After amalgamation, the battle honours were carried on to the guidon of the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry/Scottish Horse and today are represented on the guidon of the Queen's Own Yeomanry.
|Second Boer War||South Africa 1900–01[lower-alpha 2]|
|First World War||Somme 1918, Bapaume 1918, Hindenburg Line, Épehy, Pursuit to Mons, France and Flanders 1918, Gallipoli 1915, Egypt 1915–17, Gaza, Jerusalem, Tell 'Asur, Palestine 1917–18|
|Second World War||Dunkirk 1940, Cheux, Bourguébus Ridge, Le Perier Ridge, Scheldt, Ourthe, Rhineland, Rhine, North-West Europe 1940, '44–45|
The FFY's 1st Guidon, which displayed the Regiment's Boer War battle honours, was presented on 17 July 1909 at the Carthaugh, Cupar by the 9th Earl of Elgin, Lord-Lieutenant of Fife.
On 2 October 1955, a new Guidon with World War I battle honours added was presented again at the Carthaugh, Cupar by Lieutenant-General Horatius Murray (standing in for Field-Marshal Sir John Harding, who had just been assigned to the job of Governor of Cyprus). The 1909 guidon was laid up on 25 July 1956 in the Scottish National War Memorial, Edinburgh Castle.
The Regiment's World War II battle honours were not awarded until after amalgamation with the Scottish Horse in 1956 and so they are displayed on the Guidon of the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry/Scottish Horse presented in 1958. The FFY's 1955 Guidon was laid up on 2 November 1958 in Cupar Old Parish Church.
Decorations and Awards
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Honorary Colonels and Commanding Officers
|The Fife and Forfar Light Horse
|Col J Anstruther-Thomson (1793–1797)
Sir William Erskine (1797–1798)
Earl of Crawford (1798–1803)
Lt Col Morison of Naughton 1803-1809
Col J Anstruther-Thomson of Charlton(1809–1823)
Col W Wemyss of Cuttlehill 1823-1828
General R Balfour of Balbirnie 1831-1837
Colonel Carnegie of Lour (1838-?)
Major Randle Jackson 1875-1886
Lt Gen The Earl of Rosslyn (1860–1866)
Lt Col Anstruther Thomson(1866–1895)
Col Sir John Gilmour 1st Bt (1895–1901)
|20th Company of The Imperial Yeomanry
|Col Sir John Gilmour 1st Bt||Capt Chapel Hodge
Capt R Purvis
Capt J Gilmour,
|The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
|Col Sir John Gilmour 1st Bt||Lt Col TH Erskine of Grangemuir VD
Lt Col A Mitchell of Luscar (1914–1915)
|The FFY during The Great War
|Col Sir John Gilmour 1st Bt
Col TH Erskine of Grangemuir VD
|Lt Col Sir John Gilmour DSO 2nd Bt
Lt Col J Younger DSO
Lt Col JM MacKenzie
Lt Col DD Ogilvie
|20th (FFY) Armoured Car Coy, Royal Tank Corps
|Col TH Erskine of Grangemuir VD
Sir John Gilmour, 2nd Baronet (1931)
|Lt Col Lindsay 1919
Lt Col RGO Hutchison 1937
Lt Col DE Carnegy-Carnegy of Lour 1937
Lt Col WGC Black 1938
|1st FFY, Royal Armoured Corps
(Sept 1939 to Jun 1946)
|Sir John Gilmour, 2nd Baronet||Lt Col RG "Ponto" Sharp Sept 1939-May 1940
Lt Col GJ de W Mullens Jun 1940-Mar 1942
Lt Col EL Fanshawe Mar 1942-Aug 1943
Lt Col WGN Walker MC Aug 1943-Jun 1945
Lt Col R de C Vigors DSO Jun 1945-Jun 1946
|2nd FFY, Royal Armoured Corps
(Sept 1939 to Jan 1946)
|Sir John Gilmour, 2nd Baronet
Col The Viscount Younger DSO TD
|Lt Col AH McIntosh OBE TD Sept 1939-Dec 1940
Lt Col ES Sword Jan 1941-Oct 1941
Lt Col KC Cooper Oct 1941-Oct 1942
Lt Col ABJ Scott DSO MC Oct 1942-Nov 1945
Maj JD Hutchison MC Nov 1945-Jan 1946
|The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
(May 1947 to Nov 1956)
|Col The Viscount Younger DSO TD,
Col ME Lindsay DSO DL
Col WCG Black OBE MC TD
|Lt Col J Murray-Prain DSO OBE TD DL ?-1948
FFY Cap Badge
The cap badge of the FFY is a mounted knight (The Thane of Fife). It was also worn on the collars of the officers and men of the Squadron and on the arms above the chevrons of all Senior Non- Commissioned Officers.
The F&FIY wore a brick coloured slouch hat with a short blue plume (Band members wore red plumes)
As a part of the RTC, the black beret became regimental head dress in 1924 and was worn up until amalgamation with the Scottish Horse in 1956, at which time it was replaced by the Atholl Bonnet.
During World War II, the 2nd FFY wore a square of Ancient Hunting McIntosh tartan as a badge backing on their berets. The tartan was worn in honour of Lieut Col A.H. McIntosh who had helped raise the 2nd Regiment in April 1939 and was their first commanding officer.
The side hat of the Officers is navy with a red top and silver piping.
Stable Belt Colours
The FFY wore a stable belt in the regimental colours of crimson and yellow with a dark blue stripe.
Unusually for Regiment located in Scotland, The FFY regiment had its own brass band rather than a pipe band, which was mounted at various times prior to the Boer War.
The Quick March of the Regiment was "Wee Cooper of Fife".
The Slow March of the Regiment was "Bonnie Dundee"
Affiliated Regiments and Formations
The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry Locomotive
A British Rail Class 55 'Deltic' diesel locomotive D9006 (later 55006), built between 1961 and 1962 by English Electric, was named after the Regiment. It was designed for the high-speed express passenger services on the East Coast Main Line between London King's Cross and Edinburgh. A replica of the Locomotive's name plate is on display in Yeomanry House, Cupar.
- Imperial Yeomanry
- List of Yeomanry Regiments 1908
- Yeomanry order of precedence
- British yeomanry during the First World War
- Second line yeomanry regiments of the British Army
- The eight yeomanry regiments converted to Armoured Car Companies of the Royal Tank Corps (RTC) were:
- 19th (Lothians and Border) Armoured Car Company, Royal Tank Corps from Lothians and Border Horse
- 20th (Fife and Forfar) Armoured Car Company, Royal Tank Corps from Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
- 21st (Gloucestershire Yeomanry) Armoured Car Company, Royal Tank Corps from Royal Gloucestershire Hussars
- 22nd (London) Armoured Car Company (Westminster Dragoons), Royal Tank Corps from Westminster Dragoons
- 23rd (London) Armoured Car Company, Royal Tank Corps from 3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters)
- 24th (Derbyshire Yeomanry) Armoured Car Company, Royal Tank Corps from Derbyshire Yeomanry
- 25th (Northamptonshire Yeomanry) Armoured Car Company, Royal Tank Corps from Northamptonshire Yeomanry
- 26th (East Riding of York Yeomanry) Armoured Car Company, Royal Tank Corps from East Riding Yeomanry
- Inherited from 1st Fifeshire Light Horse Volunteers and 1st Forfarshire Light Horse Volunteers.
- *Delaforce, Patrick (2006). Churchill's Secret Weapons: the story of Hobart's Funnies. Barnsley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 1-84415-464-5.
- The London Gazette: . 24 May 1901.
- Rinaldi 2008, p. 35
- James 1978, p. 19
- James 1978, p. 36
- Mileham 1994, p. 48
- Mileham 1994, p. 50
- The Royal Tank Regiment at regiments.org by T.F.Mills at the Wayback Machine (archived 3 May 2007)
- The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry at regiments.org by T.F.Mills at the Wayback Machine (archived 1 March 2007)
- "History of the Army Reserve". MOD. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Bellis 1994, p. 18
- -London Gazette July 1931
- -London Gazette June 1940
- Mileham, Patrick (1994). The Yeomanry Regiments; 200 Years of Tradition. Edinburgh: Canongate Academic. ISBN 1-898410-36-4.
- Anstruther-Thomson, Col, FLH. A History of the Fife Light Horse.
- Burgoyne, Capt Gerald, 3DG (1904). The Fife and Forfar Imperial Yeomanry and its Predecessors.
- Boer War
- Gilmour, Capt John. Clearly My Duty.
- Sturrock, Cpl JP (9176 IY). The Fifes In Africa.
- Dewar, Thomas F, MD BSc. With the Scottish Yeomanry.
- Great War
- James, Brigadier E.A. (1978). British Regiments 1914–18. London: Samson Books Limited. ISBN 0-906304-03-2.
- Ogilvie, Major D.D. The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry 1914-1919.
- Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle of the British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 978-0-97760728-0.
- Second World War
- Bellis, Malcolm A. (1994). Regiments of the British Army 1939–1945 (Armour & Infantry). London: Military Press International. ISBN 0-85420-999-9.
- Sellar, R.J.B. Fife & Forfar Yeomanry 1919-1956.
- Baker, Chris. "The Fife & Forfar Yeomanry". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry at regiments.org by T.F.Mills at the Wayback Machine (archived 15 July 2007)
- FFY Collection Details With Ogilby Trust
- The Scottish War Memorials Project