|Scottish Gaelic: Allt a' Bhonnaich|
The centre of Bannockburn
Bannockburn shown within the Stirling council area
|OS grid reference|
|– Edinburgh||35 mi (56 km) ESE|
|– London||410 mi (660 km) SSE|
|Lieutenancy area||Stirling and Falkirk|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
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Bannockburn (Scottish Gaelic Allt a' Bhonnaich) is a town immediately south of the city of Stirling in Scotland. It is named after the Bannock Burn, a burn (small stream) running through the town before flowing into the River Forth.
Land in the vicinity of Bannockburn town, probably between the Pelstream and Bannock burns, was the site of the Battle of Bannockburn fought in 1314—one of the pivotal battles of the 13th/14th century Wars of Independence between the kingdoms of Scotland and England. A large monument and visitor centre is located near the site of the battle.
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the Wilson family of Bannockburn designed and wove tartans for the British Army. Many of the so-called Clan tartans were created by the Wilsons in response to the needs of the Clan chiefs who, without their own authentic tartans, approached the Wilsons for suitable patterns. The visit of King George IV to Edinburgh in 1822, and his insistence that the Clan chiefs attend his banquets and levees in their Clan tartans, prompted this reaction. The Wilson family ceased business in 1924.
A circular-arch stone bridge, built by engineer Thomas Telford, spans the burn downstream of the battle site. Growth of both Stirling and Bannockburn during the 19th and 20th centuries means that the two now form a contiguous conurbation, and Bannockburn was latterly incorporated into the city (then royal burgh) of Stirling. Bannockburn had a population of 7352 at the time of the 2001 census.
The area contains most necessary amenities, including a library, bank and local shops. It is served by Bannockburn Primary School, in the centre of the community, and Bannockburn High School in nearby Broomridge. Several new private housing schemes have been built in and around Bannockburn since the 1990s, increasing pressure on the already-overcrowded high school. As a result of this, Bannockburn High School has, in 2007 and 2008, been extended to provide additional capacity.
Bannockburn used to have a railway station located next to the site of the bus depot, but residents wishing to use the train must nowadays travel into the centre of Stirling. Bannockburn is served by the 38, 54, 54A, 56 and 60 bus services.
Bannockburn Amateurs won the West of Scotland Amateur Cup for the fourth time in 2009.
Bannockburn also hosts its own Rugby Club. Formerly known as St Modans HSFP RFC (Est. 1978), it changed its name to Bannockburn RFC in 1996. Bannockburn currently plays in the Scottish Hydro Electric Regional League: Caledonia Division 2 Midlands.
Banncokburn also plays host to St Modans HSFP Cricket Club, who play in the Strathmore and Perthshire Cricket Union Division 1. In July 2013, playing against Perth Doo'cot CC, St Modans scored 329 runs in response to Perth's 326, making it what is believed to be the highest scoring game ever recorded in the SPCU.
The town appears in the videogame Broken Sword: The Shadow of the Templars.
Places of worship
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The town also has a Catholic church, a Gospel Hall, a United Free Church and two Church of Scotland churches.
Notes and references
- "2001 CENSUS RESULTS BANNOCKBURN COMMUNITY COUNCIL AREA" (PDF). Corporate Services, Stirling Council. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
- Bannockburn Amateurs
- Milton Amateurs FC
- 'Stirling' on searchforhope.org
- J. Smith, 'Bannockburn: The Capital of Tartan Weaving' (2008) on Bannockburn Community Website
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bannockburn.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bannockburn.|