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|Intercommunality||Pays de Falaise|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Claude Laurent|
|Area1||8.35 km2 (3.22 sq mi)|
|• Density||11/km2 (29/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||14043 / 14620|
|Elevation||49–116 m (161–381 ft)
(avg. 66 m or 217 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Conias.
Barou-en-Auge is located some 10 km north-east of Falaise and 8 km south of Saint-Pierre-sur-Dives. Access to the commune is by the D90 road from Louvagny in the north which passes through the centre of the commune and the village before continuing south to Le Marais-la-Chapelle. The D39 from Damblainville to Heurtevent forms the northern border of the commune. The D39B goes west from the village to Morteaux-Coulibœuf.
A list of online mapping systems can be displayed by clicking on the coordinates (latitude and longitude) in the top right hand corner of this article.
Neighbouring communes and villages
The spelling Barou was attested in 1417. René Lepelley suggested a possible attribution of its origin to the Gallic barro (barre in Old French) meaning "fence" joined to the Gallic suffix of presence -avo meaning "enclosure". Albert Dauzat proposes the Latin anthroponym Barus.
The commune of Barou was renamed Barou-en-Auge in 1936.
On 10 November 1855 at around 10:00 am a wolf was seen in Barou commune. Upon a declaration by the mayor a hunt was organized. All landowners with a gun had to travel to the edge of the wood where the wolf had entered. After an epic pursuit in the wood the wolf was wounded after several shots. He managed to escape and take refuge in a small wood located in the commune of Norrey. At eight in the evening the wolf was killed by a day labourer living in Barou. It was a wolf about 3 to 4 years old. A prize of 12 francs was granted.
The Falaise Pocket was the last operation of the Battle of Normandy during the Second World War. It took place from 12 to 21 August 1944 in an area between the four Normandy towns of Trun, Argentan, Vimoutiers and Chambois and ended near Falaise.
(Not all data is known)
The Municipal Council is composed of 7 members including the Mayor and 1 deputy.
In 2010 the commune had 95 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
- An old Tile Factory. This factory is located on the first clays of the Auge area and close to the woods near Barou which provided fuel. In 1875 it employed four to fifteen workers. The origins of the factory are not known: it is certain that the factory already existed at the beginning of the 19th century when the Tile Factory of Barou was the property of the Jolivet de Colomby family and remains so today. The factory was rented to the Bernuis family. It permanently ceased its activities in 1916 during the First World War with the departure of the men to the front. Production at the factory was seasonal: in spring and summer the clay was mined and tiles were manufactured cooked in ten annual batches. Closed during the winter, the factory reopened after the last frost in April. In summer, especially during the harvest period, the workers went to harvest. Some remains have survived: parts of the oven, the clay insulating cover for baking, a granite millstone for crushing clay, the drying building, and the lodge for the operator who watched the process.
- The Chemin Haussé Roman road passes through the commune coming from Rouvres via Jort and continuing to Exmes.
The commune has a number of buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- The Grande Ferme Farmhouse (17th century)
- The Taverne Farmhouse (16th century) This farmhouse was once a taverne-inn. The rear façade and the two gables are built in masonry while the main façade is half-timbered with a Corbel arch supported at both corners by the gables. This mixed construction evokes both the Pays d'Auge in the timbering, and the Caen-Falaise plain in the limestone masonry, the village being located on the border of the two regions. The servants' quarters date from the 19th century.
- The Tarenne Farmhouse
- A Chateau(15th century)
- A House(18th century)
- Houses and Farms(16th-19th centuries)
The Parish Church of Saint Martin (13th century) is registered as an historical monument. There is a statue in high relief representing the charity of Saint Martin above the portal of the bell tower. This 18th century statue is separated from the rest of the church following the disappearance of a large part of the nave in the late 19th century. It is topped by a weather vane decorated with a tricolor flag instead of the traditional rooster (replaced by the commune). The choir from the 13th century is illuminated by windows with Gothic lancets. The bays of the nave have survived and are closed by a facade decorated with a neo-Gothic portal. To the south, adjoining the choir, the lordly chapel is vaulted with intersecting ribs resting on columns. In the 16th century the lordship of Barou belonged to the Morell family of Aubigny. William, squire of the Queen and Governor of Mortagne au Perche, died in April 1615 as shown on a tombstone and Litre funéraire (a black band around the church to honour the deceased). A funeral decoration is painted in fresco on the wall. The conservation of this type of decoration is rare, the murals were frequently covered according to the tastes of the time.
The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
- A Tombstone of William of Morel (1615)
- A Lectern (19th century)
- A Baptismal Font (16th century)
- A Tabernacle (17th century)
- An Altar and Retable (17th century)
- A Statue: Christ on the Cross (18th century)
- 4 brasses (15th century)
- A Sacristy Chasuble Cabinet (19th century)
- A Litre funéraire (1615)
- 4 Tombstones (19th century)
- A Group Sculpture: Charity of Saint Martin (16th century)
- Festival Committee: "Entertainment and leisure Barou-en-Auge" (Albea).
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Barou-en-Auge on Lion1906
- Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
- Barou-en-Auge on Google Maps
- Barou-en-Auge on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Larousse, Paris, 1963 (French)
- René Lepelley, Etymological Dictionary of names of communes in Normandy, Éditions Charles Corlet, Condé-sur-Noireau, 1996, BnF 36174448w p. 59 (French)
- Barou on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Barou on the 1790 Cassini Map
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Reelection 2014: Barou-en-Auge (14620) - Municipal Elections 2014, Ouest-France, consulted on 13 June 2014 (French)
- art L. 2121-2 of the General Code of Collective Territories (French).
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000395 Grande Ferme Farmhouse (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000395 Taverne Farmhouse (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111038 Tarenne Farmhouse (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000396 Chateau (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000393 House (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000392 Houses and Farms (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00000397 Church of Saint Martin (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000848 Tombstone of William of Morel (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000620 Lectern (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000619 Baptismal Font (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000618 Tabernacle (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000617 Altar and Retable (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000616 Statue: Christ on the Cross (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000615 4 brasses (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000614 Sacristy Chasuble Cabinet (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000613 Litre funéraire (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000612 4 Tombstones (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14000611 Group Sculpture: Charity of Saint Martin (French)
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