Braille e-book

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File:Braille e-book.jpg
The concept design of a braille e-book by Yanko Design

A braille e-book is a refreshable braille display using electroactive polymers or heated wax rather than mechanical pins to raise braille dots on a display. Though not inherently expensive, due to the small scale of production they have not been shown to be economical. A Korean concept design published in 2009 by Yanko Design attracted attention.[1][2][3] A British prototype design called "Anagraphs" was created in 2013,[4] but funding from the European Union ran out before it could be brought to production.[5] A Braille Ebook/Tablet is slated to be released for purchase in the 4th quarter of 2016 by the Austrian company Blitab. It is expected to be priced under US$3000.


  1. Bar-Cohen, Yoseph (11 September 2009). "Electroactive polymers for refreshable Braille displays". SPIE.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Braille E-Book Concept". TechFresh. 17 April 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Yanko Design Website
  4. Anagraphs: Electronic Braille reader that hooks on to mobile devices
  5. Braille e-books: Why can't you buy a budget e-reader? BBC News, 8 May 2014

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