Ghislaine Maxwell

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Ghislaine Maxwell

Ghislaine Maxwell (born 25 December 1961)[1] is a British socialite and the youngest child of publisher Robert Maxwell. Maxwell moved to the United States after her father's death and has become an advocate for the ocean as founder of The TerraMar Project.

Early life and career

Maxwell was born in 1961, the ninth and youngest child of Elisabeth (née Meynard), a Frenchwoman and Robert Maxwell, a Czech-born British media proprietor. Maxwell attended Headington School, Marlborough College, and Oxford University's Balliol College.[1]

She founded a successful women's club named after the original Kit-Cat Club[2] in 18th Century London. Maxwell was also a director of Oxford United Football Club, during her father's ownership of the club.[3][4] Maxwell was fined £1,000 and banned from driving for one year in August 1996 after driving while intoxicated.[5]

Her father named his luxury yacht, the Lady Ghislaine in her honour, and it was near the yacht in the Canary Islands in 1991 that his body was found floating in the sea.[6] Though a verdict of death by accidental drowning was recorded, Maxwell has since stated that she believes her father was murdered,[7] commenting in 1997 that "He did not commit suicide. That was just not consistent with his character. I think he was murdered."[8] After his death, Robert Maxwell was found to have fraudulently appropriated the pension assets of his Mirror Group Newspapers to support its share price and was disgraced.[9]

Maxwell moved to the United States after her father's death, and has since become a prominent socialite in New York City.

She is the founder of The TerraMar Project.[10]

Jeffrey Epstein and sex trafficking allegations

After moving to America, Maxwell and the billionaire American financier Jeffrey Epstein had a romantic relationship, and Maxwell remained close to him after their break-up.[11] Maxwell has attracted press coverage for her friendship with Prince Andrew, Duke of York, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II, who attended social functions with her in New York.[12] Maxwell introduced Epstein to Prince Andrew and the three often socialized together.[13]

In 2008, Epstein was convicted of soliciting a minor for prostitution and served 13 months of an 18-month jail sentence. Details of a civil lawsuit made public in January 2015 contained a deposition from a woman, identified as 'Jane Doe 3', accusing Maxwell of having recruited her in 1999, when she was a minor, to have sex with Epstein. A 2018 expose by the Miami Herald revealed Jane Doe 3 to be Virginia Roberts. Roberts asserted that she was introduced by Maxwell to Epstein and then "groomed by the two for his pleasure, including lessons in Epstein's preferences during oral sex."[14]

Maxwell has repeatedly denied any involvement in Epstein's crimes.[11] In a 2015 statement, Maxwell rejected allegations that she has acted as a "madame for Epstein" and "facilitated Prince Andrew's acts of sexual abuse." Maxwell's spokesperson said that "the allegations made against Ghislaine Maxwell are untrue" and that she "strongly denies allegations of an unsavoury nature, which have appeared in the British press and elsewhere and reserves her right to seek redress at the repetition of such old defamatory claims."[13][15]

According to the Miami Herald, Virginia Roberts Giuffre, one of Epstein's victims, sued Maxwell in federal court in the Southern District of New York in 2015. Giuffre asserted that Maxwell and Epstein trafficked her and other underage girls, often at sex parties that Epstein hosted at his homes in New York, New Mexico, Palm Beach, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Maxwell called her a liar. Giuffre sued for defamation. While details of the settlement were not made public,[16] the case was settled in Giuffre’s favour, with Maxwell paying Giuffre "millions."[17]

On 16 April 2019, a new victim, Maria Farmer, went public and filed a sworn affidavit in federal court in New York, saying that she was sexually assaulted and her then-15-year-old sister was molested by Epstein and his companion, Ghislaine Maxwell, in 1996.[18]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Haines, Joe (1988). Maxwell. London: Futura. pp. 434 et seq. ISBN 0-7088-4303-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Field, Ophelia (2009). Kitten Club: Friends who Imagined a Nation. Harper Press. p. 379.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Profile of Ghislaine Maxwell", Walker's Research
  4. David Crabtree, et al "A History of Oxford United Football Club", OUFC website, 8 March 2011
  5. "Maxwell daughter in drink case served tea for police." 10 August 1996, The Guardian, pg. 12.
  6. "Family Misfortunes", 21 January 1996, The Observer, pg. 14
  7. Mark Lawson. "Shot in the dark?", The Guardian, 20 February 1997
  8. "Soundbites", The Observer, 23 February 1997,
  9. Owen Bowcott (6 March 2011). "Ghislaine Maxwell: Press baron's daughter and Epstein's former lover". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. TerraMar Project launches to celebrate and protect the world's oceans", Mother Nature Network, 10 October 2012
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Ghislaine Maxwell: profile". The Daily Telegraph. 7 March 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "New role for Andrew in doubt after royal fiasco.", Matt Wells, 10 April 2001, The Guardian.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Gordon Rayner (2 January 2015). "Prince Andrew 'categorically denies' claims he sexually abused teenager". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Even from jail, sex abuser manipulated the system. His victims were kept in the dark". miamiherald. Retrieved 2018-11-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Statement on Behalf of Ghislaine Maxwell", PR Newswire for Devonshires Solicitors, London, 10 March 2011
  16. Russell, John (25 May 2017). "Billionaire's Alleged Sex Slave Settles Libel Case". Courthouse News Service. Retrieved 6 March 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Alan Dershowitz suggests curbing press access to hearing on Jeffrey Epstein sex abuse". miamiherald. Retrieved 2019-03-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "New Jeffrey Epstein Accuser Goes Public: Defamation Lawsuit Targets Dershowitz". miamiherald. Retrieved 2019-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>