List of national capitals in alphabetical order

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This is a list of national capitals in alphabetical order, including territories and dependencies, non-sovereign states including associated states and entities whose sovereignty is disputed. Sovereign states are shown in bolded text.

City Country Notes
Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates
Abuja  Nigeria Lagos was the capital from 1914 to 1991.
Accra  Ghana
Adamstown  Pitcairn Islands British Overseas Territory
Addis Ababa  Ethiopia
Algiers  Algeria
Alofi  Niue Self-governing in free association with New Zealand.
Amman  Jordan
Amsterdam  Netherlands The Dutch constitution refers to Amsterdam as the "capital". The Dutch government is located in the Hague. See Capital of the Netherlands.
Andorra la Vella  Andorra
Ankara  Turkey
Antananarivo  Madagascar
Apia  Samoa
Ashgabat  Turkmenistan
Asmara  Eritrea
Astana  Kazakhstan
Asuncion  Paraguay
Athens  Greece
Avarua  Cook Islands Self-governing in free association with New Zealand.
Baghdad  Iraq
Baku  Azerbaijan
Bamako  Mali
Bandar Seri Begawan  Brunei
Bangkok  Thailand
Bangui  Central African Republic
Banjul  Gambia
Basse-Terre  Guadeloupe Overseas department of France
Basseterre  Saint Kitts and Nevis
Beijing  China See also: List of historical capitals of China
Beirut  Lebanon
Belgrade  Serbia
Belmopan  Belize
Berlin  Germany
Bern   Switzerland
Bishkek  Kyrgyzstan
Bissau  Guinea-Bissau
Bogotá  Colombia
Brasília  Brazil
Bratislava  Slovakia
Brazzaville  Republic of the Congo
Bridgetown  Barbados
Brussels  Belgium Also the de facto capital of the  European Union
Bucharest  Romania
Budapest  Hungary
Buenos Aires  Argentina
Bujumbura  Burundi
Cairo  Egypt
Canberra  Australia
Caracas  Venezuela
Castries  Saint Lucia
Cayenne  French Guiana Overseas department of France
Charlotte Amalie  United States Virgin Islands Territory of the U.S.
Chisinau  Moldova
Cockburn Town  Turks and Caicos Islands British Overseas Territory
Conakry  Guinea
Copenhagen  Denmark
Dakar  Senegal
Damascus  Syria
Dhaka  Bangladesh
Dili  East Timor (Timor-Leste)
Djibouti  Djibouti
Dodoma (official, legislative)  Tanzania Dar es Salaam, the former capital and largest city continues to serve as the de facto seat of government hosting the presidency, government ministries, judiciary and diplomatic missions.
Doha  Qatar
Douglas  Isle of Man British Crown Dependency
Dublin  Ireland
Dushanbe  Tajikistan
East Jerusalem (declared)
Ramallah (de facto)
 State of Palestine The State of Palestine claims the territories occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War in 1967, with East Jerusalem as its capital. The proclaimed state is currently occupied by Israel and has no effective control over the territories it claims. Administration is based in Ramallah and Gaza, rather than Jerusalem. Most members of the United Nations regard East Jerusalem as occupied territory, and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Arab League and the Non-Aligned Movement recognise it as the capital of a future Palestinian state.[1] See Positions on Jerusalem.
Edinburgh of the Seven Seas  Tristan da Cunha Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Laayoune (declared)
Tifariti (de facto)
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic [c] The Sahrawi Republic, recognised by 82 states, claims the mostly Moroccan controlled Western Sahara. Moroccan controlled territory includes El Aaiún, and Morocco claims all Sahrawi controlled territory. Tifariti is factual temporary capital (instead of Bir Lehlou earlier) of the SADR. Some government and military structures resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.[2] See Politics of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
Episkopi Cantonment  Akrotiri and Dhekelia British Overseas Territory
Flying Fish Cove  Christmas Island External territory of Australia
Fort-de-France  Martinique Overseas department of France
Freetown  Sierra Leone
Funafuti  Tuvalu
Gaborone  Botswana
George Town  Cayman Islands British Overseas Territory
Georgetown  Ascension Island Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Georgetown  Guyana
Gibraltar  Gibraltar British Overseas Territory
Guatemala City  Guatemala
Gustavia  Saint Barthélemy Overseas collectivity of France
Hagåtña  Guam Territory of the United States
Hamilton  Bermuda British Overseas Territory
Hanga Roa  Easter Island Special territory of Chile
Hanoi  Vietnam
Harare  Zimbabwe
Hargeisa  Somaliland De facto independent state not diplomatically recognized by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.[3]
Havana  Cuba
Helsinki  Finland
Hong Kong  Hong Kong Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China functioning as a City-state,[4] former British dependent territory.
Honiara  Solomon Islands
Islamabad  Pakistan
Jakarta  Indonesia
Jamestown  Saint Helena Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Jerusalem (declared, de facto)  Israel Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel", and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the president's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament. United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 declared the Jerusalem Law "null and void" and called on member states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from Jerusalem. The United Nations and all member states maintain their embassies in other cities such as Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, and Herzliya, and do not recognise Jerusalem as the capital.[5] Many countries officially adhere to the proposal that Jerusalem have international status, as called for in the Partition Plan of 1947.[6] The Palestinian National Authority claims East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. See Positions on Jerusalem.
Juba  South Sudan
Kabul  Afghanistan
Kampala  Uganda
Kathmandu    Nepal
Khartoum  Sudan
Kiev  Ukraine
Kigali  Rwanda
King Edward Point  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands British Overseas Territory
Kingston  Jamaica
Kingston  Norfolk Island External territory of Australia
Kingstown  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Kinshasa  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kuala Lumpur (official, legislative and royal)
Putrajaya (administrative and judicial)
Kuwait City  Kuwait
Libreville  Gabon
Lilongwe  Malawi
Lima  Peru Cusco is declared as the "Historical Capital" (Spanish: 'Capital Histórica'), a merely symbolic statement, by Article 49 of the Peruvian Constitution.
Lisbon  Portugal
Ljubljana  Slovenia
Lomé  Togo
London  United Kingdom Prior to the Acts of Union in 1707, London was the capital of England only. Edinburgh was the capital of the Kingdom of Scotland
Luanda  Angola
Lusaka  Zambia
Luxembourg  Luxembourg
Madrid  Spain
Majuro  Marshall Islands Self-governing in free association with United States.
Malabo  Equatorial Guinea
Malé  Maldives
Mamoudzou  Mayotte Overseas department of France
Managua  Nicaragua
Manama  Bahrain
Manila  Philippines
Maputo  Mozambique
Marigot  Saint Martin Overseas collectivity of France
Maseru  Lesotho
Mata-Utu  Wallis and Futuna Overseas collectivity of France
Mbabane (administrative)
Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mexico City  Mexico
Minsk  Belarus
Mogadishu  Somalia
Monaco  Monaco City-state
Monrovia  Liberia
Montevideo  Uruguay
Moroni  Comoros
Moscow  Russia
Muscat  Oman
Nairobi  Kenya
Nassau  Bahamas
Naypyidaw  Myanmar
N'Djamena  Chad
New Delhi  India
Ngerulmud  Palau Self-governing in free association with United States.
Niamey  Niger
Nicosia  Cyprus
Nicosia  Northern Cyprus De facto independent state that is recognised only by Turkey. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[7]
Nouakchott  Mauritania
Nouméa  New Caledonia Sui generis collectivity of France
Nukuʻalofa  Tonga
Nuuk  Greenland Self-governing country within the Kingdom of Denmark
Oranjestad  Aruba Self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Oslo  Norway
Ottawa  Canada
Ouagadougou  Burkina Faso
Pago Pago  American Samoa Territory of the United States
Palikir  Federated States of Micronesia Self-governing in free association with United States.
Panama City  Panama
Papeete  French Polynesia Overseas collectivity of France
Paramaribo  Suriname
Paris  France
Philipsburg  Sint Maarten Self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Phnom Penh  Cambodia
Plymouth (official)
Brades Estate (de facto)
 Montserrat British Overseas Territory. Plymouth was abandoned after the eruption of the Soufriere Hills volcano in 1997. Government offices since then have been moved to Brades Estate, which is in the northwestern part of Montserrat.
Podgorica (official)
Cetinje (Old Royal Capital, present seat of the President)
Port Louis  Mauritius
Port Moresby  Papua New Guinea
Port Vila  Vanuatu
Port-au-Prince  Haiti
Port of Spain  Trinidad and Tobago
Porto-Novo (official)
Cotonou (de facto)
Prague  Czech Republic
Praia  Cape Verde
Pretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
 South Africa
Pristina  Kosovo[g] De facto independent state that is recognised by 108 UN member states and by Taiwan. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Serbia as part of its Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
Pyongyang  North Korea
Quito  Ecuador Highest official capital (2,850 m).[8]
Rabat  Morocco
Reykjavík  Iceland
Riga  Latvia
Riyadh  Saudi Arabia
Road Town  British Virgin Islands British Overseas Territory
Rome  Italy
Roseau  Dominica
Saint-Denis  Réunion Overseas department of France
Saipan  Northern Mariana Islands Territory of the United States
San José  Costa Rica
San Juan  Puerto Rico Territory of the United States
San Marino  San Marino
San Salvador  El Salvador
Sana'a  Yemen
Santiago  Chile The National Congress of Chile is located in Valparaíso
Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic
São Tomé  São Tomé and Príncipe
Sarajevo  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Seoul  South Korea
Singapore  Singapore City-state
Skopje  Macedonia
Sofia  Bulgaria
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (official)
Colombo (former capital; has some government offices)
 Sri Lanka Also known as "Kotte". Until the 1980s, the capital was Colombo, where many important governmental institutions still remain and which is still designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.
St. George's  Grenada
St. Helier  Jersey British Crown Dependency
St. John's  Antigua and Barbuda
St. Peter Port  Guernsey British Crown Dependency
St. Pierre  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Overseas collectivity of France
Stanley  Falkland Islands British Overseas Territory
Stepanakert  Nagorno-Karabakh Republic The self-declared country remains diplomatically unrecognised by UN-member states, including Armenia. Transnistria, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia, all UN non-member states, recognise the state. Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.
Stockholm  Sweden
Sucre (constitutional)
La Paz (administrative)
 Bolivia La Paz is the highest administrative capital (3,650 m), higher than Quito.[8]
Sukhumi  Abkhazia De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Republic of Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Suva  Fiji
Taipei  Taiwan Officially the Republic of China (ROC), it has been competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the sole Chinese government since 1949. Taiwan controls the island of Taiwan and its associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas, and part of the Spratly Islands[Note 1] The territory of Taiwan is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[Note 2] The Republic of China participates in the World Health Organization and a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly Chinese Taipei.
Tallinn  Estonia
Tarawa Atoll  Kiribati
Tashkent  Uzbekistan
Tbilisi (official)
Kutaisi (legislative)
Tegucigalpa  Honduras
Tehran  Iran
Thimphu  Bhutan
Tirana  Albania
Tiraspol  Transnistria De facto independent state, not recognized by any UN-member, but by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.
Tokyo  Japan
Tórshavn  Faroe Islands Self-governing country within the Kingdom of Denmark
Tripoli  Libya
Tskhinvali  South Ossetia De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela, Abkhazia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.
Tunis  Tunisia
Ulaanbaatar  Mongolia
Vaduz  Liechtenstein
Valletta  Malta
The Valley  Anguilla British Overseas Territory
Vatican City   Vatican City City-state
Victoria  Seychelles
Vienna  Austria
Vientiane  Laos
Vilnius  Lithuania
Warsaw  Poland
Washington, D.C.  United States
Wellington  New Zealand
West Island  Cocos (Keeling) Islands External territory of Australia
Willemstad  Curaçao Self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Windhoek  Namibia
Yamoussoukro (official)
Abidjan (former capital; still has many government offices)
 Ivory Coast
Yaoundé  Cameroon
Yaren (de facto)  Nauru Country does not have an official capital; however, the government offices are in Yaren.
Yerevan  Armenia
Zagreb  Croatia


  1. The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands is disputed by the PRC, the ROC, Vietnam, the Philippines (part), Malaysia (part), and Brunei (part). Except Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes).
  2. In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) lost the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China (CPC) and set up a provisional capital in Taipei. The CPC established the People's Republic. As such, the political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the United Nations gave the China seat to the PRC instead of the ROC: most states recognize the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN classifies Taiwan as "Taiwan, Province of China". The ROC has de facto relations with most sovereign states. A significant political movement within Taiwan advocates Taiwan independence.


  1. See the following:
    • Organisation of the Islamic Conference (13–16 March 1989). "Resolutions on Political, Legal and Information Affairs". The Eighteenth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (Session of Islamic Fraternity and Solidarity). Retrieved 2011-10-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
    • Agence France-Presse (6 September 2011). "Non-Aligned movement confirms support for Palestinian statehood bid". Al Arabiya. Retrieved 2011-10-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
    • Council of the European Union, "17218/09 (Presse 371)" (PDF), Press release, 2985th Council meeting on Foreign Affairs, Press Office, retrieved 2011-08-02<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. See Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  4. See (Oktober 2014). Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  5. See the CIA Factbook and Map of Israel
  6. Sharkansky, Ira (1996). Governing Jerusalem: Again on the world's agenda. Wayne State University Press. p. 23. ISBN 0-8143-2592-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. See The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Jacobs, Frank (19 June 2012). "Amazonia or Bust!". New York Times. Retrieved 28 June 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>