North Korean calendar
The North Korean calendar or Juche calendar is the system of year numbering used in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
The Juche calendar was introduced in 1997 and is based on Kim Il-sung's date of birth: 15 April 1912. That year is used as Juche 1 and the system works forward from there. There is no Juche 0. The Juche calendar does maintain the Gregorian calendar's traditional months and the number of days in a month. Hence, to calculate the Juche year from a Gregorian year after 1912, simply subtract 1911. The Juche calendar officially replaced the Gregorian calendar as the civil calendar in North Korea on September 9, 1997.
|Juche year||Gregorian year||Dangun year|
|1||1912||4245||Kim Il-sung's birth|
|37||1948||4281||North Korea founded|
|71||1982||4315||Construction of the Juche Tower completed to commemorate Kim Il-sung's 70th birthday|
|86||1997||4330||Juche calendar introduced|
|100||2011||4344||Hundredth Juche year and Kim Jong-il's death|
Usage in practice
In many instances of non-Korean usage the Juche year is given after the corresponding Gregorian year, i.e. 12 June 2007 (Juche 96). However, most official DPR-Korean sources list the Gregorian year second as in 12 June Juche 96 (2007).
- Public holidays in North Korea
- Minguo calendar, which has the same starting year based on the founding of the Republic of China (1912–49)