Military ranks of Portugal

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The military ranks of Portugal form the system of hierarchical relationships in the Portuguese Armed Forces.

There are two basic systems of ranks. The first one is used in the Portuguese Army (Exército) and in the Portuguese Air Force (Força Aérea), consisting of traditional land military ranks. This system is also used in the National Republican Guard (GNR, Guarda Nacional Republicana), a gendarmerie force that can be put under the command of the Armed Forces in case of war. The second system is used by the Portuguese Navy (Marinha), consisting of traditional naval ranks.

In the Armed Forces of Portugal, the hierarchy of ranks divides them in three large categories: Officers (oficiais), Sergeants (sargentos) and Enlisted (praças). The officers category is, in turn, subdivided into three subcategories: General officers (oficiais generais), Senior officers (oficiais superiores) and Junior officers (oficiais subalternos).

The insignia of rank used in all branches of the Armed Forces is generally similar, despite some particular details existing in each branch.

Navy

Officers

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer
Rank insignia POR-Navy-OF10.svg
(Sleeve insignia, 4 gold stars on shoulder)
POR-Navy-OF9.svg
(Sleeve insignia, 4 silver stars on shoulder)
POR-Navy-OF8.svg
(Sleeve insignia, 3 silver stars on shoulder)
POR-Navy-OF7.svg
(Sleeve insignia, 2 silver stars on shoulder)
POR-Navy-OF6.svg
(Sleeve insignia, 1 silver star on shoulder)
POR-Navy-OF5.svg
(Sleeve and shoulder insignia)
POR-Navy-OF4.svg
(Sleeve and shoulder insignia)
POR-Navy-OF3.svg
(Sleeve and shoulder insignia)
POR-Navy-OF2.svg
(Sleeve and shoulder insignia)
POR-Navy-OF1b.svg
(Sleeve and shoulder insignia)
POR-Navy-OF1a.svg
(Sleeve and shoulder insignia)
POR-Navy-Aspirante-EN.png
(Naval School)
POR-Navy-OFD.svg
(Others)
(Sleeve and shoulder insignia)
Ranks in Portuguese Almirante da Armada Almirante Vice-almirante Contra-almirante Comodoro Capitão de Mar e Guerra Capitão de Fragata Capitão-tenente Primeiro-tenente Segundo-tenente Guarda-marinha and
Subtenente
Aspirante Cadete
Ranks in English Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain of Sea and War Commander Lieutenant Commander First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Midshipman,
Sub-lieutenant
Aspirant Officer Naval Cadet

Sergeants and enlisted ratings

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Rank insignia POR-Navy-OR9.svg POR-Navy-OR8.svg POR-Navy-OR7.svg 8 - Primeiro-sargento (Marinha).svg 7 - Segundo-sargento (Marinha).svg 6 - Primerio-subsargento.svg 5 - Segundo-subsargento.svg 4 - Cabo.svg 3 - Primeiro-marinheiro.svg 2 - Segundo-marinheiro.svg No insignia
Rating in Portuguese Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro
sargento
Segundo
sargento
Primeiro
subsargento
Segundo
subsargento
Cabo Primeiro
marinheiro
Segundo
marinheiro
Segundo Grumete
Ratings in English Warrant Officer Class 1 Warrant Officer Class 2 Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer 1st class Petty Officer 2nd class Master Seaman Able Seaman Seaman Seaman Apprentice

Army

Both the Portuguese Army and the National Republican Guard use the same rank system but the NRG has different ranks for enlisted personnel, NCOs and general officers.

Officers

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer
Rank insignia 23 - Marechal.svg 22 - General.svg 21 - Tenente-general.svg 20 - Major-general.svg 19 - Brigadeiro-general.svg 18 - Coronel.svg 17 - Tenente-coronel.svg 16 - Major.svg 15 - Capitão.svg 14 - Tenente.svg 13 - Alferes.svg 12 - Aspirante.svg Various
Ranks in Portuguese Marechal do Exército(Army only) General (Army only) Tenente-general Major-general Brigadeiro-general (Army only) Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante a oficial Cadete aluno
Ranks in English Marshal
(Army only)
General
(Army only)
Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General
(Army only)
Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Candidate Officer Cadet

Sergeants and enlisted

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Rank insignia 11 - Sargento-mor.svg 10 - Sargento-chefe.svg 9 - Sargento-ajudante.svg 8 - Primeiro-sargento.svg 7 - Segundo-sargento.svg 6 - Furriel.svg 5 - Segundo-furriel.svg POR-Army-cabo-adjunto.GIF POR-Army-primeiro-cabo.GIF POR-Army-segundo-cabo.GIF No insignia
Ranks in Portuguese Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Furriel Segundo-furriel (Army only) Cabo-adjunto (Army),
Cabo-mor (NRG)
Primeiro-cabo (Army),
Cabo-chefe (NRG)
Segundo-cabo (Army),
Cabo (NRG)
Soldado (Army),
Guarda (NRG)
Ranks in English Sergeant Major First sergeant Master Sergeant Sergeant First Class Staff Sergeant Sergeant Lance Sergeant Master Corporal Corporal Lance Corporal Private (Army),
Guardsman (NRG)

Air Force

Officers

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer
Rank insignia General t.jpg TenGen t.jpg Majorgen t.jpg Brigadeiro t.jpg Cor t.jpg TCor t.jpg Major t.jpg Cap t.jpg Ten t.jpg Alf t.jpg Aspof2 t.jpg Various
Ranks in Portuguese Marechal da Força Aérea General Tenente-
-general
Major-
-general
Brigadeiro-
-general
Coronel Tenente-
-Coronel
Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante a oficial Cadete
aluno
Ranks in English Marshal of the Air Force General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Aspirant Officer cadet

Sergeants and enlisted

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Rank insignia Smor tt.TIF Schefe t.PNG Saju t.PNG 1sarg t.PNG 2sarg t.PNG Furriel t.PNG 2furriel t.PNG Cabadjunto t.PNG 1cabo t.PNG 2cabo t.PNG Soldad fp.PNG Solrec t.jpg
Rank in Portuguese Sargento-
-Mor
Sargento-
-Chefe
Sargento-
-Ajudante
Primeiro-
-Sargento
Segundo-
-Sargento
Furriel Segundo-
-Furriel
Cabo-
-Adjunto
Primeiro-
-Cabo
Segundo-
-Cabo
Soldado Soldado-
-Recruta
Rank in English Command Chief Master Sergeant Chief Master Sergeant Senior Master Sergeant Master Sergeant Technical Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Senior Airman Airman First Class Airman Airman Basic