A human society is a group of people related to each other through continued relations, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or virtual territory, same interests, subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Human societies are characterized by patterns of relationships (social relations) between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions. A given society may be described as the sum total of such relationships among its constituent members. In the social sciences, a larger society often evinces stratification and/or dominance patterns in subgroups.
In so far as it is collaborative, a society can enable its members to benefit in ways that would not otherwise be possible on an individual basis; both individual and social (common) benefits can thus be distinguished, or in many cases found to overlap. A society can also consist of like-minded people governed by their own norms and values within a dominant, larger society. This is sometimes referred to as a subculture, a term used extensively within criminology: an organized group working together having a common interests, beliefs, or profession.
More broadly, a society may be described as an economic, social, or industrial infrastructure, made up of a varied collection of individuals or subgroups. Members of a society may be from different ethnic groups. A society can be a particular ethnic group, such as the Saxons; a nation state, such as Bhutan; or a broader cultural group, such as a Western society. The word society may also refer to an organized voluntary association of people for religious, benevolent, cultural, scientific, political, patriotic, or other purposes. A "society" may also be a group of social organisms such as an ant colony, or any cooperative aggregate such as, for example, in some formulations of artificial intelligence.
was a lieutenant-general
in the British Army
, writer, and founder of the Scout Movement
. After having been educated at Charterhouse School
, Baden-Powell served in the British Army
from 1876 until 1910 in India and Africa. In 1899, during the Second Boer War
in South Africa
, Baden-Powell successfully defended the city in the Siege of Mafeking
. Several of his military books, written for military reconnaissance
and scout training in his African years, were also read by boys. Based on those earlier books, he wrote Scouting for Boys
, published in 1908 by Pearson
, for youth readership. During writing, he tested his ideas through a camping trip on Brownsea Island
that began on August 1
, which is now seen as the beginning of Scouting. After his marriage with Olave St Clair Soames
, Baden-Powell, his sister Agnes Baden-Powell
and notably his wife actively gave guidance to the Scouting Movement and the Girl Guides Movement
. Baden-Powell lived his last years in Nyeri
, where he died in 1941.
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