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Railway cottages
Tebay is located in Cumbria
 Tebay shown within Cumbria
Population 776 (2011)
OS grid reference NY618045
Civil parish Tebay
District Eden
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PENRITH
Postcode district CA10
Dialling code 01539
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Penrith and The Border
List of places

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Tebay is a village and civil parish in Cumbria, England, within the historic borders of Westmorland. It lies in the upper Lune Valley, at the head of the Lune Gorge. The parish of Tebay had a population of 728 recorded in the 2001 census,[1] increasing to 776 at the 2011 Census.[2]

Old Tebay lies to the north of Tebay at grid reference NY618052. Historically a sheep farming area, the arrival of the railway led to increased prosperity.


To the north, occupying a strategic position by the River Lune, now close to the M6 motorway, are the earthwork remains of a motte and bailey castle known as Castle Howe.

During the Roman occupation a Roman road followed the course of the River Lune linking a fort at Low Borrow Bridge near Tebay with one at Over Burrow south of Kirkby Lonsdale.

Tebay was the home of the prophetess Mary Baynes, known as the 'Witch of Tebay', who died in 1811.[3]



Tebay railway station was on the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway, which was built to link those two cities between 1844 and 1846, and which was absorbed by the London and North Western Railway in 1879. Tebay became an important junction for, in 1861, the Stainmore Railway, from Tebay-Kirkby Stephen-Barnard Castle and later becoming part of the North Eastern Railway, brought traffic from the east; it was closed in 1962. The A685 runs over much of its trackbed east from Tebay towards Kirkby Stephen. The Ingleton Branch Line of the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway connecting via the Midland Railway to Settle and Leeds, enters the main line at the south end of the Lune Gorge; it was built in the 1850s, and was last used for passengers in the winter 1962-63 as a relief to the main line.

The village has had two railway accidents happen nearby. On 15 February 2004, four people were run over by a maintenance vehicle in the Tebay rail accident. Three years later, the Grayrigg rail crash happened on 23 February 2007 between Oxenholme and Tebay on the West Coast Main Line.


Junction 38 of the M6 lies just west of the village, south of the notoriously exposed Shap Summit. Like its predecessor, the main railway line, it uses the upper reaches of the River Lune to pass through the fells. Tebay Services is one of the very few motorway service stations to be run independently, and has often won praise for its food.

The village

Central to the village is the Railway Club. This provides a concrete link to the past raison d'etre of the village. The two pubs in the village also provide a place where the inhabitants can come together. In times past a great proportion of populace was involved with the railway and the local Junction Hotel is now flats where once were dance halls.

See also


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External links