List of mammals of Florida

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File:Florida State Mammals.png
Dolphin, state saltwater mammal;[1] Florida panther, state animal;[2] and manatee, state marine mammal[1]

This is a list of mammal species found in the wild on the American State of Florida. In total, 98 species of mammals are known to inhabit, or recently to have inhabited, the state and its surrounding waters. This includes a few species, such as the black-tailed jackrabbit and red deer, that were introduced after the European colonization of the Americas. It also includes the extinct Caribbean monk seal. Rodents account for roughly one quarter of all species, followed closely by mammals from the Cetacea and Carnivora families.

The species included in this list are drawn from the work of The American Society of Mammalogists, which compiled information from five different publications.[3] Information on the international status of species has been drawn from the IUCN Red List.


Florida mammals by order

Order Members Species Threatened species
Artiodactyla even-toed ungulates 4
Carnivora carnivorans 19 1
Cetacea whales, dolphins and porpoises 21 5
Chiroptera bats 18 2
Cingulata armadillos 1
Didelphimorphia common opossums 1
Lagomorpha hares, rabbits and pikas 4
Primates lemurs, monkeys, and apes 1
Rodentia rodents 23 1
Sirenia aquatic herbivorous mammals 1 1
Soricomorpha shrews, moles and solenodons 5
Total 98 10

Florida terrestrial mammals

Carnivora

File:Florida Panther.jpg
Florida panther

The coyote arrived in northern Florida in the 1970s as its natural range expanded. Illegal releases were another factor in its occupation of the state. Coyotes are extremely adaptable, living in all types of forests and farms.[4]

Florida has two types of foxes. The native gray fox can be found in the United States almost anywhere, except northern plains and Rockies. It is sometimes confounded with the red fox due to having patches of red hair.[5] The red fox was introduced to Florida by hunting clubs, although it may have been native in the northern panhandle. Its preferred habitats are open areas, while the gray fox prefers woods.[6]

Red wolves were once common throughout the southeastern US, including Florida. Extinct in the wild in 1980, it has been progressively introduced to select nature preserves. The present population was introduced as part of this recovery program in 1997 to the Saint Vincent National Refuge;[7] once red wolf pups reach 18 months, they are relocated to the North Carolina portion of the program.[8]

Bobcats are well adapted to urban development and are not a conservation concern. They make their home in hammocks, forests or swamps.[9]

The Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi) is one of the subspecies of cougar. Its main differences from other subspecies are longer legs, smaller size and a shorter darker coat. The skull of the Florida panther is broader and flatter with highly arched nasal bones.[10] Reportedly only seventy adult animals are alive,[11] and a 1992 study estimated that the subspecies would become extinct between 2016 and 2055.[12] It was chosen in 1982 as the Florida state animal by the state's schoolchildren.[13]

It is believed that some jaguarundis were unintentionally released in the wild in the 1940s.[14] There is no evidence besides witness accounts, and the existence of jaguarandis in the state is dubious.[15]

Two of the eleven species of skunks live in Florida. Both the eastern spotted skunk and the striped skunk can be found statewide (except for the Keys).

Small populations of the Everglades mink (Mustela vison evergladensis), a subspecies of American mink, are encountered near Lake Okeechobee, and in the Big Cypress Swamp-Everglades National Park area.[16]

Northern river otters are a common sight close to freshwater streams across Florida. The population is increasing.[17]

Raccoons are prevalent in the lower 48 states, including Florida. Adaptable to almost all kinds of habitats, the animals are among the few who actually benefit from human development, since food becomes more available. Attacks by predators like the bobcat cause minimum mortality, and the main reason for raccoon deaths is considered to be car accidents.[18] They are regarded as predators of sea turtles nests.[19]

All Florida black bear in Florida are part of the subspecies Ursus americanus floridanus. Differences between subspecies are very small; the Florida black bear differs from other subspecies by its highly arched forehead and its long and narrow braincase.[20] Estimates for 2002 indicated the number of bears statewide to be between 2,000 and 3,200 individuals, indicating an increase from the previous census in 1998. The biggest cause of concern is roadkill, although the rates of mortality are equivalent to other areas in the country.[21]

Name Species/Authority Order Family ASM state status and native range[3] Red List
Coyote
Canis latrans latrans Pennington County SD.jpg
Canis latrans
Say, 1823
Carnivora Canidae uncommon or locally common statewide
7
[22]
Feral dog
Feral Dog.jpg
Canis familiaris
Linnaeus, 1758
Carnivora Canidae locally common; escaped or released statewide
0
Gray fox
GrayFoxApr04NFla.jpg
Urocyon cinereoargenteus
(Schreber, 1775)
Carnivora Canidae uncommon or locally common statewide
7
[23]
Red fox
Red Fox Lateral.JPG
Vulpes vulpes
Linnaeus, 1758
Carnivora Canidae uncommon or locally common statewide
7
[24]
Red wolf
Red wolf (4531335218).jpg
Canis rufus
Audubon & Bachman, 1851
Carnivora Canidae rare, introduced on Saint Vincent Island
3
[25]
Bobcat
Florida Bobcat.jpg
Lynx rufus
(Schreber, 1777)
Carnivora Felidae common; Peninsula and Northern Keys
7
[26]
Florida panther
Puma concolor
(Linnaeus, 1771)
Carnivora Felidae rare, restricted to Green Swamp and Big Cypress areas in SW peninsula
6
[27]
Feral cat
Felis catus
Schreber, 1775
Carnivora Felidae abundant; escaped or released statewide
0
Jaguarundi
Jaguarondi 2.jpg
Herpailurus yaguarondi
(Lacépède, 1809)
Carnivora Felidae possibly introduced to the northern two thirds of peninsula
7
[28]
Eastern spotted skunk
Spilogale putorius (2).jpg
Spilogale putorius
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Carnivora Mephitidae common; statewide except northeast corner and Keys
7
[29]
Striped skunk
Striped skunk Florida.jpg
Mephitis mephitis
(Schreber, 1776)
Carnivora Mephitidae common; statewide except Keys
7
[30]
Long-tailed weasel
Mustela frenata.jpg
Mustela frenata
Lichtenstein, 1831
Carnivora Mustelidae rare; statewide except Everglades and Keys
7
[31]
Mink
MustelaVison001.JPG
Mustela vison
Schreber, 1777
Carnivora Mustelidae rare; coastal marshes in west Panhandle, Big Bend area, northeast area, and Everglades
7
[32]
Northern river otter
Lontra canadensis
(Schreber, 1777)
Carnivora Mustelidae locally common, mostly freshwater habitats, primarily rivers and streams, statewide except Keys
7
[33]
Common raccoon
Procyon lotor (Common raccoon).jpg
Procyon lotor
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Carnivora Procyonidae abundant, statewide
7
[34]
White-nosed coati
Nasua narica
(Linnaeus, 1766)
Carnivora Procyonidae introduced species, with reports over a wide area of southern Florida
7
[35]
Florida black bear
A Florida Black Bear.jpg
Ursus americanus
Pallas, 1780
Carnivora Ursidae rare or uncommon; localized populations statewide except Keys
7
[36]

Chiroptera

Of the species listed below, 13 are confirmed to be resident species; all of them are insectivorous. Five species had very low numbers reported and can be classified as accidental species: Indiana bat, Jamaican fruit bat, little brown bat, northern long-eared myotis and the silver-haired bat. Some bats not in this list, but with reported sightings in the Lower Keys, are the buffy flower bat, Cuban flower bat and Cuban fig-eating bat.[37]

Bats can be classified in two groups by their roosting habits: solitary and colony-roosting bats.

Solitary bats prefer to live in leaves, palm fronds and Spanish moss. Resident bats in this category are the Eastern red bat, the northern yellow bat and the Seminole bat. Hoary bats are not considered residents because they migrate to Mexico and South America to spend the winter.[38]

The remaining species are considered to be colony-roosting bats. Darker than their solitary counterparts and less furry, these bats prefer to live under bridges, in tree holes or caves. Only 3 Florida species live in caves: the eastern pipistrelle, the gray bat and the southeastern myotis. Florida has the highest concentration of southeastern myotis in the world.[38]

The greatest threat to bats in Florida is the disturbance or destruction of roost sites, due to vandalism or urban development.[38]

Name Species/Authority Order Family ASM state status and native range[3] Red List
Velvety free-tailed bat
Molossus molossus
(Pallas, 1766)
Chiroptera Molossidae rare; Lower Keys
7
[39]
Mexican free-tailed bat
Tadarida brasiliensis
(I. Geoffroy, 1824)
Chiroptera Molossidae common, statewide except for Keys
6
[40]
Wagner's bonneted bat Eumops glaucinus
(Wagner, 1843)
Chiroptera Molossidae rare, found only in the Miami and Coral Gables area
7
[41]
Jamaican fruit bat
Artibeus jamaicensis
Leach, 1821
Chiroptera Phyllostomidae rare, Lower Keys only
7
[42]
Big brown bat
Big brown bat.jpg
Eptesicus fuscus
(Beauvois, 1796)
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae common statewide except for Keys
7
[43]
Eastern pipistrelle
Little brown bat 0001.jpg
Pipistrellus subflavus
(F. Cuvier, 1832)
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae uncommon; panhandle and northern half of peninsula
7
[44]
Eastern red bat
Lasiurus borealis
(Müller, 1776)
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae uncommon; panhandle and northern quarter of peninsula
7
[45]
Evening bat
Nycticeius humeralis Evening bat.JPG
Nycticeius humeralis
(Rafinesque, 1818)
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae common; statewide except for Keys
7
[46]
Gray bat
Gray Bat USACE.jpg
Myotis grisescens
A.H. Howell, 1909
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae rare, known only from panhandle, Marianna area
4
[47]
Hoary bat
Lasiurus cinereus
(Beauvois, 1796)
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae uncommon, panhandle and northern half of peninsula
7
[48]
Indiana bat
Indiana Bat FWS.jpg
Myotis sodalis
Miller & Allen, 1928
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae rare, known only from panhandle, Marianna and Jackson counties
4
[49]
Little brown bat
Little Brown Bat FWS.jpg
Myotis lucifugus
(La Conte, 1831)
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae rare, known only from panhandle and Okaloosa County
7
[50]
Northern long-eared myotis
Myotis septentrionalis 1870.jpg
Myotis septentrionalis
(Trouessart, 1897)
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae rare, known only from panhandle, Marianna and Jackson counties
7
[51]
Northern yellow bat Lasiurus intermedius
H. Allen, 1862
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae common statewide except southern tip of peninsula and Keys
7
[52]
Rafinesque's big-eared bat
Corynorhinus rafinesquii.JPG
Plecotus rafinesquii
Lesson, 1827
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae rare, statewide except southern tip of peninsula and Keys
5
[53]
Seminole bat
Seminole Bat (7351768292).jpg
Lasiurus seminolus
(Rhoads, 1895)
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae common, statewide except southern tip of peninsula and Keys
7
[54]
Silver-haired bat
Lasionycteris noctivagans1.jpg
Lasionycteris noctivagans
(La Conte, 1831)
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae rare; known only from north Santa Rosa County and possibly north Nassau County
7
[55]
Southeastern myotis
Myotis austroriparius
(Rhoads, 1897)
Chiroptera Vespertilionidae common; cave habitats in panhandle and, disjunct, northeastern and northcentral peninsula
7
[56]

Rodentia

Of the several species of rodents in Florida, the subspecies of oldfield mouse are the biggest conservation concern, along with the Florida mouse. Six of eight subspecies of the Oldfield mouse (commonly named beach mice) are in endangered status, and one is extinct. Given causes for their demise is predators like cats and red foxes and destruction of their natural habitats.[57] The Florida mouse is on the endangered species list because of destruction of their habitat. The mouse is the only mammal that is endemic to Florida. The rodent depends on the gopher tortoise (also endangered) for its survival, because it makes its burrows from tortoise burrows, or in the absence of those, Oldfield mouse burrows.[58]

Non-native species brought in boats by colonizers are the black rat, brown rat and house mouse. Other non-natives are the capybara, the nutria and the Mexican gray squirrel.[59]

Not listed below, but with reported sightings, are the biggest rat in the world, the Gambian pouched rat, which arrived in 2002; and the prairie dog. Both are wild releases of animals kept as pets.[59]

Name Species Authority Order Family ASM state status and native range[3] Red List
American beaver
Castor canadensis.jpg
Castor canadensis
Kuhl, 1820
Rodentia Castoridae common; panhandle and northern third of peninsula, except coastal areas.
7
[60]
Southeastern pocket gopher Geomys pinetis
Rafinesque, 1817
Rodentia Geomyidae common; panhandle and northern half of peninsula
7
[61]
Capybara
Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris
(Linnaeus, 1766)
Rodentia Hydrochaeridae introduced; probably several small populations north of peninsula
7
[62]
Oldfield mouse
Peromyscus polionotus
(Wagner, 1843)
Rodentia Cricetidae rare; coastal dunes and dunes on some barrier islands; uncommon on panhandle and northern two thirds of peniinsula in dry, sandy, oldfields and grasslands
7
[63]
Cotton mouse
Peromyscus gossypinus.jpg
Peromyscus gossypinus
(Le Conte, 1850)
Rodentia Cricetidae common; statewide in forests and mixed forest/grasslands
7
[64]
Eastern harvest mouse
Reithrodontomys humulis 2.jpg
Reithrodontomys humilis
(Audubon & Bachman, 1941)
Rodentia Cricetidae common; panhandle and northern two thirds of peninsula in oldfields, grasslands, and fields
7
[65]
Florida woodrat
Neotoma floridana
(Ord, 1818)
Rodentia Cricetidae uncommon; panhandle, northern two thirds of peninsula and rare; Key Largo
7
[66]
Florida mouse Podomys floridanus
(Chapman, 1889)
Rodentia Cricetidae rare; central peninsula, mostly in habitats along central ridges.
5
[67]
Meadow vole
Microtus pennsylvanicus.jpg
Microtus pennsylvanicus
(Ord, 1815)
Rodentia Cricetidae rare; salt marsh in Cedar Key area of Gulf coast
7
[68]
Golden mouse Ochrotomys nuttalli
(Harlan, 183)2
Rodentia Cricetidae rare; panhandle and northern half of peninsula
7
[69]
Hispid cotton rat
Sigmodon hispidus1.jpg
Sigmodon hispidus
Say & Ord, 1825
Rodentia Cricetidae common; statewide
7
[70]
House mouse
House mouse.jpg
Mus musculus
Linnaeus, 1758
Rodentia Muridae introduced; common; statewide
7
[71]
Marsh rice rat
Oryzomys palustris
(Harlan, 1837)
Rodentia Cricetidae common; statewide in saltmarsh and associated habitats
7
[72]
Brown rat
Rattus norvegicus
(Berkenhout, 1769)
Rodentia Muridae introduced; common; statewide
7
[73]
Woodland vole
Woodland Vole Microtus Pinetorum.jpg
Microtus pinetorum
(Le Conte, 1830)
Rodentia Cricetidae uncommon; central portion of northern third of peninsula
7
[74]
Black rat
Rattus rattus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Rodentia Muridae introduced; common statewide
7
[75]
Round-tailed muskrat
Neofiber alleni
True, 1884
Rodentia Cricetidae common; peninsula and isolated populations in Apalachicola and Okefenokee areas
6
[76]
Coypu
Myocastor coypus
(Molina, 1782)
Rodentia Myocastoridae introduced; Duval County and panhandle populations; possibly established statewide except Keys
7
[77]
Eastern chipmunk
Tamias striatus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Rodentia Sciuridae uncommon; northern half of western panhandle in mesic forest areas
7
[78]
Eastern gray squirrel
Sciurus carolinensis.jpg
Sciurus carolinensis
Gmelin, 1788
Rodentia Sciuridae common; statewide except lower Keys
7
[79]
Fox squirrel
Sciurus niger (on fence).jpg
Sciurus niger
Linnaeus, 1758
Rodentia Sciuridae rare; statewide except Keys; possibly extinct in southeastern peninsula
7
[80]
Mexican gray squirrel
Sciurus aureogaster
F. Cuvier, 1829
Rodentia Sciuridae introduced; established on Elliott Key
7
[81]
Southern flying squirrel
Glaucomys volans.jpg
Glaucomys volans
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Rodentia Sciuridae common; statewide except Keys and possibly southwest peninsula
7
[82]

Other orders

The only native even-toed ungulate is the white-tailed deer. It is the most economically important hunting mammal in all of North America, and is one of the major prey animals of the Florida panther. There were only about 20,000 deer in Florida during the late 1930s, and the species was almost extinct in South Florida due to a campaign to eliminate tick-borne diseases. Hunt restraining measures and purchases from other states were very successful bringing the population to more than 700,000 deer statewide. The smaller subspecies, Key deer, lives only in the Keys and numbers around 800 animals.[83] Sambar deer were introduced in 1908 as alternative game for hunters on Saint Vincent Island. The population is between 700 and 1,000 deers; 130 hunters are licensed per year, and each can kill up to two animals.[84] Some red deer were released from a hunting ranch around 1967 and may still exist as a small herd.[85]

Hogs found their way to Florida in 1539 with Spanish colonist Hernando de Soto. Florida has 12% of the three million hogs that roam in the US.[86] They are a popular hunting prey, but are regarded as a pest due to the damage they inflict to agriculture and environment. More than 21,000 hogs were killed in 1980 alone.[87]

All the confirmed Soricomorpha in Florida are nocturnal; the black-tailed jackrabbit—introduced as a training tool for racing greyhounds from 1930 to 1950; the native eastern cottontail, which can be found anywhere but in forests and coastal marshes; and the marsh rabbit, who prefers freshwater and brackish marshes. The subspecies Lower Keys marsh rabbit has the scientific name Sylvilagus palustris hefneri after Hugh Hefner—because research on the subspecies was financed in part by the Playboy Foundation.[88]

Three species of shrews are found across Florida. Two known subspecies are the Homosassa shrew (Sorex longirostris eionis) and Sherman's short-tailed shrew, Blarina carolinensis shermanii.[89] One of their main predators is the cat. Completing the Soricomorpha are two species of moles.

The rhesus macaque was introduced to Florida in 1933, as props for Tarzan movies, and have established colonies after escaping from the set.[90] Charles River Laboratories, the world's biggest producer of lab animals, maintained a free-range colony until 1999, when they were forced to remove the animals after they destroyed parts of the mangrove forests in Key Haven.[91] Other primates with reported sightings not included in this list are vervet monkeys[92] and squirrel monkeys.[93]

Cingulata are represented by the nine-banded armadillo, released in 1922 by a Marine who kept them as pets, but other accounts place them as having migrated from Texas. Subsequent introductions and fast breeding spread the species statewide.[87]

The Virginia opossum is the only marsupial found in North America north of the Rio Grande. It lives in wooded areas and can be easily found statewide.

Name Species Authority Order Family ASM state status and native range[3] Red List
Red deer
Rothirsch.jpg
Cervus elaphus
Linnaeus, 1758
Artiodactyla Cervidae introduced; single population in Highlands County.
7
[94]
Sambar deer
Sambar deer.JPG
Cervus unicolor
Kerr, 1792
Artiodactyla Cervidae introduced on St. Vincent Island
7
[95]
White-tailed deer
Odocoileus virginianus
Zimmermann, 1780
Artiodactyla Cervidae common statewide; rare in Keys
7
[96]
Feral pig
Wild Pig KSC02pd0873.jpg
Sus scrofa
Linnaeus, 1758
Artiodactyla Suidae common; statewide except Keys
7
[97]
Nine-banded armadillo
Nine-banded Armadillo.jpg
Dasypus novemcinctus
Linnaeus, 1758
Cingulata Dasypodidae common; statewide, except possibly some parts of Everglades
7
[98]
Virginia opossum
Possum20040508.jpg
Didelphis virginiana
Kerr, 1792
Didelphimorphia Didelphidae common; statewide
7
[99]
Black-tailed jackrabbit
Lepus californicus
Gray, 1837
Lagomorpha Leporidae introduced; established in Homestead area
7
[100]
Eastern cottontail
Sylvilagus floridanus
(J.A. Allen, 1890)
Lagomorpha Leporidae common; statewide except Keys
7
[101]
Marsh rabbit
Marsh Rabbit.jpg
Sylvilagus palustris
(Bachman, 1837)
Lagomorpha Leporidae common; statewide
7
[102]
Swamp rabbit
Sylvilagus aquaticus
(Bachman, 1837)
Lagomorpha Leporidae rare and unconfirmed; possibly present in Escambia County but no known records
7
[103]
Rhesus macaque
Macaca mulatta
(Zimmermann, 1780)
Primates Cercopithecidae introduced; Ocala and Silver Springs area
6
[104]
North American least shrew
Exhibit Museum of Natural History, Ann Arbor - IMG 9033.JPG
Cryptotis parva
(Say, 1823)
Soricomorpha Soricidae common; statewide except for Keys
7
[105]
Southeastern shrew
Dismal Swamp southeastern shrew.jpg
Sorex longirostris
Bachman, 1837
Soricomorpha Soricidae uncommon; north, south through Central Florida and on central ridge through southcentral
7
[106]
Southern short-tailed shrew
Southern short-tailed shrew.jpg
Blarina carolinensis
(Bachman, 1837)
Soricomorpha Soricidae common; statewide except for Keys
7
[107]
Eastern mole
ScalopusAquaticus.jpg
Scalopus aquaticus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Soricomorpha Talpidae common; statewide except for Keys
7
[108]
Star-nosed mole
Condylura cristata
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Soricomorpha Talpidae rare; Okefenokee Swamp area and possibly in Leon County
7
[109]

Florida marine mammals

Carnivora and Sirenia

Trichechus manatus latirostris is one of the two subspecies of the West Indian manatee. This herbivorous aquatic mammal lives in rivers, springs and shallow coastal waters. It was designated the state marine mammal in 1975[110] and is protected by federal and state laws. Threatened by habitat loss, entanglements in fishing gear and crab traps, or by being asphyxiated or crushed by canal locks and flood gates, the most common cause for manatee deaths is being struck by boats, which caused one quarter of all deaths recorded since 1974. In 2015, the statewide population was estimated at 6,063.[111]

Florida does not have seal colonies, but stray seals wash ashore in Florida occasionally. The most prevalent of those species have been the common seal and the hooded seal, although a bearded seal was seen in 2007.[112] The Caribbean monk seal was native to the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. Once a popular prey for Bahamas fishermen, their numbers diminished greatly in the 1800s. The last sighting of the species in Florida was in 1922, and specimens have not been seen anywhere since 1952.[113]

Name Species/Authority Order Family ASM state status and native range[3] Red List
Harbor seal
Phoca vitulina
Linnaeus, 1758
Carnivora Phocidae rare; east coastal marine areas to Central Florida
7
[114]
Hooded seal
Cystophora cristata
(Erxleben, 1777)
Carnivora Phocidae rare; east coastal marine areas to Central Florida
7
[115]
Caribbean monk seal
Monachus tropicalis.jpg
Monachus tropicalis
(Gray, 1850)
Carnivora Phocidae extinct
1
[116]
West Indian manatee
Manatee photo.jpg
Trichechus manatus
Linnaeus, 1758
Sirenia Trichechidae rare; coastal marine areas, but not usually north of the Suwannee River in the Gulf of Mexico; enters rivers and connected springs
5
[117]

Cetacea

Of the several whales seen close to Florida, the most frequent and notable visitor is the North Atlantic right whale. Named as such because they were the "right" whales to kill, their only known calving ground is located off the coasts of Georgia and Florida. Pregnant females migrate from feeding grounds located far north and deliver calves from mid December to March.[118] Humpback whales are also re-colonizing the area while gray whales, once cavorting off Florida for the same reasons as the right whales, were extirpated from the Atlantic in the 17th-18th century.[119]

The most common dolphin in the state is the common bottlenose dolphin. Dolphins, like manatees, are vulnerable to red tide and have mass fatalities when one occurs.[120] Dolphins were designated the Florida state saltwater mammal in 1975.[121]

Name Species/Authority Order Family ASM state status and native range[3] Red List
North Atlantic right whale
Eubalaena glacialis with calf.jpg
Eubalaena glacialis
P.L.S. Müller, 1776
Cetacea Balaenidae regular migrant (in very small number); marine areas
4
[122]
Gray whale
Ballena gris adulta con su ballenato.jpg
Eschrichtius robustus
Lilljeborg, 1861
Cetacea Balaenopteridae extirpated in the Atlantic 17th-18th century
0
[123]
Bryde's whale
Balaenoptera brydei.jpg
Balaenoptera edeni
Anderson, 1878
Cetacea Balaenopteridae rare; marine areas
0
[124]
Fin whale
Fin whale from air.jpg
Balaenoptera physalus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Cetacea Balaenopteridae rare; marine areas
4
[125]
Blue whale
Blue Whale 001 body bw.jpg
Balaenoptera musculus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Cetacea Balaenopteridae rare; marine areas
4
[126]
Common minke whale
Balaenoptera acutorostrata
Lacépède, 1804
Cetacea Balaenopteridae rare; marine areas
6
[127]
Sei whale
Balaenoptera borealis
Lesson, 1828
Cetacea Balaenopteridae rare; marine areas
4
[128]
Humpback whale
Megaptera novaeangliae
(Borowski, 1781)
Cetacea Balaenopteridae common (in small numbers); marine areas
5
[129]
Atlantic spotted dolphin
Stenella frontalis
(G. Cuvier, 1829)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[130]
Pantropical spotted dolphin
Schlankdelfin.jpg
Stenella attenuata
(Gray, 1846)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[131]
Striped dolphin
Stenella coeruleoalba-cropped.jpg
Stenella coeruleoalba
(Meyen, 1833)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
6
[132]
Clymene dolphin
Clymenes.jpg
Stenella clymene
(Gray, 1846)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[133]
Spinner dolphin
SpinnerDolphinsoffKauai 1999-03-15.jpg
Stenella longirostris
(Gray, 1828)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[134]
Common bottlenose dolphin
Tursiops truncatus 01-cropped.jpg
Tursiops truncatus
(Montagu, 1821)
Cetacea Delphinidae common; coastal marine areas
0
[135]
Short-beaked common dolphin
Delphinus delphis
Linnaeus, 1758
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
7
[136]
False killer whale
False killer whale 890002.jpg
Pseudorca crassidens
(Owen, 1846)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[137]
Pygmy killer whale
Feresa attenuata by OpenCage.jpg
Feresa attenuata
(Gray, 1875)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[138]
Melon-headed whale
Peponocephala electra
(Gray, 1846)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[139]
Fraser's dolphin
Frazer´s dolphin group.jpg
Lagenodelphis hosei
(Fraser, 1956)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[140]
Risso's dolphin
Grampus griseus
(G. Cuvier, 1812)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[141]
Killer whale
JumpingOrca.jpg
Orcinus orca
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[142]
Rough-toothed dolphin
Rough toothed dolphin.jpg
Steno bredanensis
(G. Cuvier in Lesson, 1828)
Cetacea Delphinidae rare; marine areas
0
[143]
Short-finned pilot whale
PilotWhale.jpg
Globicephala macrorhynchus
Gray, 1846
Cetacea Delphinidae uncommon; marine areas
0
[144]
Pygmy sperm whale
Kogia breviceps.jpg
Kogia breviceps
(Blainville, 1838)
Cetacea Kogiidae uncommon; marine areas
0
[145]
Dwarf sperm whale
Kogia sima.jpg
Kogia sima
(Owen, 1866)
Cetacea Kogiidae uncommon; marine areas
0
[146]
Sperm whale
Physeter macrocephalus
Linnaeus, 1758
Cetacea Physeteridae rare; marine areas
5
[147]
Gervais' beaked whale
Gervais' beaked whale size.svg
Mesoplodon europaeus
(Gervais, 1855)
Cetacea Ziphiidae rare; marine areas
0
[148]
Blainville's beaked whale
Beaked Whale.jpg
Mesoplodon densirostris
(Blainville, 1817)
Cetacea Ziphiidae rare; marine areas
0
[149]
True's beaked whale
True's beaked whale size.svg
Mesoplodon mirus
True, 1913
Cetacea Ziphiidae rare; Atlantic marine areas south to Flagler County.
0
[150]
Cuvier's beaked whale
Cuvier's beaked whale size.svg
Ziphius cavirostris
G. Cuvier, 1823
Cetacea Ziphiidae rare; marine areas
0
[151]

References

General
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  40. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Tadarida brasiliensis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  41. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Eumops glaucinus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  42. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Artibeus jamaicensis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  43. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Eptesicus fuscus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  44. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Pipistrellus subflavus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  45. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Lasiurus borealis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  46. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Nycticeius humeralis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  47. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Myotis grisescens. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  48. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Lasiurus cinereus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  49. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Myotis sodalis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  50. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Myotis lucifugus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  51. Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Myotis septentrionalis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
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  107. Insectivore Specialist Group (1996). Blarina carolinensis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  108. Insectivore Specialist Group (1996). Scalopus aquaticus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
  109. Insectivore Specialist Group (1996). Condylura cristata. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
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  115. Seal Specialist Group (1996). Cystophora cristata. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on July 19, 2007.
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