Haplogroup W (mtDNA)

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Haplogroup W
Possible time of origin 23,900 ybp[1]
Possible place of origin Western Asia
Ancestor N2
Descendants W1, 194
Defining mutations 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292[2]

In human genetics, Haplogroup W is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.


Ancestor of the haplogroup W is Haplogroup N2.


Haplogroup W appears in Europe, West and South Asia.[3] It is everywhere found as minority clade, with the highest concentration being in Northern Pakistan.[4] Clade W* is found in 8.3% of the Svan population of the Caucasus (Georgia).[citation needed]



This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup W subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation[2] and subsequent published research.

  • W
    • W1
      • W1a
      • W1b
      • 119
        • W1c
      • W1d
      • W1e
      • W1f
      • W1g
    • 194
      • W3
        • W3a
          • W3a1
            • W3a1a
      • W4
        • W4a
      • W5
        • W5a
          • W5a1
      • W6

See also

Evolutionary tree of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups

  Mitochondrial Eve (L)    
L0 L1–6
L1 L2 L3   L4 L5 L6
  M   N  
CZ D E G Q   O A S   R   I W X Y
C Z B F R0   pre-JT P  U


  1. Soares, Pedro; Luca Ermini; Noel Thomson; Maru Mormina; Teresa Rito; Arne Röhl; Antonio Salas; Stephen Oppenheimer; Vincent Macaulay; Martin B. Richards (4 Jun 2009). "Supplemental Data Correcting for Purifying Selection: An Improved Human Mitochondrial Molecular Clock". The American Society of Human Genetics. 84 (6): 82–93. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.05.001. PMC 2694979. PMID 19500773. Retrieved 2009-08-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 van Oven, Mannis; Manfred Kayser (13 Oct 2008). "Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation". Human Mutation. 30 (2): E386–E394. doi:10.1002/humu.20921. PMID 18853457. Retrieved 2009-05-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Petraglia, Michael D.; Bridget Allchin The Evolution and History of Human Populations in South Asia Springer (26 Mar 2007) ISBN 978-1-4020-5561-4 [1]
  4. Meit Metspalu et al., Most of the extant mtDNA boundaries in South and Southwest Asia were likely shaped during the initial settlement of Eurasia by anatomically modern humans. BMC Genetics, 2004

External links