|Gulfstream V landing at Melbourne Airport, showing its wing design|
|National origin||United States|
|First flight||November 28, 1995|
|Primary users||United States Air Force
United States Coast Guard
United States Navy
|Developed from||Gulfstream IV|
|Variants||Gulfstream G500 series|
The Gulfstream V (or G-V or GV) is a business jet aircraft produced by Gulfstream Aerospace. It is also used by the US military under the designation C-37A. The G500 and G550 are improved versions. The Gulfstream G550 was formerly known as the Gulfstream V SP (G-V SP).
Design and development
The Gulfstream V (also called the G-V) first flew in 1995, was certified in 1997, and was one of the first "ultra-long range" (~6,000-nautical-mile (11,000 km)) business aircraft. Capable of carrying up to 16 people in standard seating configurations, and able to fly up to 6,500 nmi (12,000 km), the GV became the longest range business jet ever made (at the time of its introduction). Total production of the Gulfstream V was 191 aircraft.
Designated C-37A in U.S. Air Force service, the Gulfstream V is used by government and Defense Department officials. The US Coast Guard operates two C-37A for transportation of the Department of Homeland Security Secretary and the Commandant of the Coast Guard. The US Navy operates one C-37A.
The aircraft has a flight management system with a worldwide satellite-based Global Positioning System. The C-37A is capable of cruising at 51,000 feet (16,000 m). Features include enhanced weather radar, autopilot and head-up display for the pilot. Safety features include Enhanced Vision Systems that allows increased visibility in adverse environments. The aircraft is also equipped with commercial and military communications equipment to provide secure voice and data capability. The U.S. Air Force equips the C-37A with a basic crew of two pilots, one flight engineer, one communications systems operator, and one flight attendant.
The 89th Airlift Wing's 99th Airlift Squadron, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, operates four C-37As. The 6th Air Mobility Wing's 310th Airlift Squadron, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida operates three C-37As. The 15th Airlift Wing's 65th Airlift Squadron, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii operates one C-37A. The 86th Airlift Wing's 309th Airlift Squadron, Chievres Air Base, Belgium has one C-37A. The Executive Transport Detachment Pacific, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii operates one C-37A. The United States Army Priority Air Transport Det. (USAPAT), Andrews AFB, MD, operates two C-37As.
On March 11, 2005, Gulfstream delivered an ultra-long-range G-V to the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The aircraft—known as the High-performance, Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER)—is being used by environmental and atmospheric scientists from both public and private research facilities. The GV was chosen by NCAR for its exceptionally high cruising altitude, long range, endurance, payload, reliability, and low operating costs, as well as worldwide product support. The aircraft is based in Boulder, Colorado. The HIAPER Gulfstream V is currently being modified to accept wing/pylon mounted instrumentation.
The majority of G-Vs are operated by corporate and individual owners. Mark Cuban paid $40 million for a Gulfstream V in October 1999, earning a Guinness Record of "largest single e-commerce transaction.". Steve Jobs had a Gulfstream V that had been given as compensation from Apple in 2000.
Government and military operators
Algerian Air Force operates the Gulfstream V for VIP transport
- Hellenic Air Force operates one Gulfstream V for VIP transport.
- A Special Electronic Mission Aircraft (SEMA), based on a highly modified Gulfstream G-V aircraft, was delivered to the Israeli Ministry of Defense in June 2005.
- Japan Coast Guard received the first of two G-Vs on January 17, 2005. Dubbed "Umi Washi" (Sea Eagle), the aircraft will be operated by the JCG for maritime surveillance search and rescue. The second aircraft was delivered in mid-2005.
- United States Air Force operates the C-37A as command/executive transport
- United States Army operates the C-37A as command/executive transport
- United States Marine Corps operates the C-37A as command/executive transport
- United States Navy operates the C-37A as command/executive transport
- United States Coast Guard operates two C-37As for executive transportation of the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Coast Guard Commandant as of January 2012.
- Federal Aviation Administration operates one Gulfstream G-V with tail number N1.
- Federal Bureau of Investigation & Department of Justice operate one Gulfstream G-V.
- Federal Emergency Management Agency operates one Gulfstream G-V for team transport in disaster response.
- National Center for Atmospheric Research operates one Gulfstream G-V for scientific research.
- Dana Executive Jets operates 1 GV
- Crew: 2 pilots, 0–2 attendants
- Capacity: 14–19 passengers
- Length: 96 ft 5 in (29.4 m)
- Wingspan: 93 ft 4 in (28.5 m)
- Height: 25 ft 10 in (7.87 m)
- Wing area: 1,137 ft² (105.6 m²)
- Empty weight: 48,000 lb (21,000 kg)
- Loaded weight: 54,500 lb (Max Zero Fuel Weight) (24,721 kg)
- Useful load: 6,500 lb (2,948 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 90,500 lb (90.900 lbs Max Ramp Weight) (41,136 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce BR710A1-10 turbofan, 14,750 lbf (65 kN) each
- Maximum landing weight: 75,300 lb (34,156 kg)
- Maximum fuel weight: 41,300 lb (18,772 kg)
- Cabin dimensions: length - 50 ft 1 in (15.3 m), height - 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m), width - 7 ft 4 in (2.24 m)
- Volumes: cabin - 1,669 ft³ (47.3 m³), baggage compartment - 226 ft³ (6.4 m³)
- Maximum speed: Mach 0.885
- Cruise speed: Mach 0.85 (488 knots, 904 km/h)
- Range: 6,500 nautical miles (Mach 0.80) (12,038 km)
- Service ceiling: 51,000 ft (15,545 m)
- Takeoff distance: 5,750 ft (1,570 m) (at max gross takeoff weight)
- Landing distance: 2,770 ft (884 m)
Data from USAF fact sheet
- Crew: 5
- Capacity: 12 passengers
- Length: 96 ft 5 in (29.38 m)
- Wingspan: 93 ft 6 in (28.5 m)
- Height: 25 ft 11 in (7.9 m)
- Max. takeoff weight: 90,500 lb (41,050 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Deutschland BR710A1-10 high bypass ratio turbofan engines, 14,750 lbf (65 kN) each
- Maximum speed: 600 mph (Mach .885)
- Range: 6,300 miles (10,139 km)
- Service ceiling: 51,000 ft (15,240 m)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Embraer Lineage 1000
- Airbus A318 Elite
- Boeing Business Jet
- Bombardier Global Express
- Dassault Falcon 7X
This article contains information that came from a US Government website, in the public domain: USAF fact sheet.
- DoD 4120.15L, Model Designation of Military Aerospace Vehicles. DoD, 12 May 2004.
- Gulfstream History, Gulfstream, accessed 18 November 2007.
- Gulfstream V in Service for 10 Years, June 18, 2007
- HIAPER Project Page
- "GULFSTREAM DELIVERS FOUR SPECIAL MISSION AIRCRAFT AND RECEIVES ORDER FOR ONE MORE IN 1Q05" (press release April 21, 2005)
- "GULFSTREAM SPECIAL MISSION AIRCRAFT DELIVERED TO UCAR" (Gulfstream press release 14 June 2005)
- “GULFSTREAM SPECIAL ELECTRONIC MISSION AIRCRAFT DELIVERED TO ISRAELI MINISTRY OF DEFENSE”. Gulfstream press release, 14 June 2005.
- GULFSTREAM DELIVERS FOUR SPECIAL MISSION AIRCRAFT AND RECEIVES ORDER FOR ONE MORE IN 1Q05” press release, April 21, 2005.
- . Airliners.net
- . Airliners.net
- U.S. Navy fact file for C-37A (G-V) and C-37B (G550)
- Office of Aviation Forces (CG-711), C-37A: Gulfstream V. United States Coast Guard, January 26, 2012.
- Gulfstream V airliners.net]
- G500. Gulfstream
- NSF/NCAR GV Investigator's Handbook
- C-37A fact sheet. US Air Force, February 2008.
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