Podolia Eyalet

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Eyalet-i Kamaniçe
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

1672–1699
Podolia Eyalet, 1683
Capital Kamianets-Podilskyi
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History
 •  Siege of Kamenets 1672
 •  Treaty of Karlowitz 1699
Today part of  Ukraine

Podolia Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: Eyalet-i Kamaniçe‎)[1] was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. Its capital was Kamianets-Podilskyi (Polish: Kamieniec Podolski; Ukrainian: Кам’янець-Подільський; Turkish: Kamaniçe;).

History

The Ottoman garrison in the city of Kamaniçe, capitol of the Podolia Eyalet.

In 1672 the Ottoman army, led by Sultan Mehmed IV, captured Kamaniçe after a short siege.[2] The Treaty of Buchach confirmed Ottoman control of the city, which became the centre of a new eyalet.[2] The treaty was repudiated by the Polish Diet, and war broke out anew.[2]

The Polish campaign proved unsuccessful, and the truce of Żurawno (1676) left Podolia within Ottoman borders. Another Polish-Ottoman war broke out again in 1683.[2] For the next 16 years, Ottoman rule in Podolia generally was limited to the blockaded fortress of Kamianets, held by a garrison of 6,000 soldiers.[2] The other garrisons in Podolia, in Bar, Medzhybizh, Jazlivec, and Chortkiv, barely exceeded 100 soldiers each.[3]

According to the Ottoman provincial budget of 1681, 13 million akçe were spent yearly in the eyalet, primarily for soldiers' pay. Of this amount, less than 3% was collected from Podolia itself, the rest was sent from the central treasury.[3] In 1681, the patriarch of Constantinople appointed the Orthodox metropolitan of Kamianets, named Pankratij.[4]

The fortress was returned to Poland as a result of the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699).[2]

Governors

During the 27 years of Ottoman rule, Podolia was administered by nine Ottoman pashas:[2]

Administrative divisions

The eyalet was divided into four sanjaks:[2]

  1. Sanjak of Kamaniçe
  2. Sanjak of Bar
  3. Sanjak of Mejibuji
  4. Sanjak of Yazlofça

References

  1. Marc David Baer (2011-09-01). Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe. Oxford University Press. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-19-979783-7. Retrieved 2013-06-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Agoston, Gabor; Masters, Bruce Alan (2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 306. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-02-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz (June 1992). "Ottoman Podillja: The Eyalet of Kamjanec', 1672-1699". Harvard Ukrainian Studies. 16 (1/2): 87–101.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).

External links