|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1570s 1580s 1590s – 1600s – 1610s 1620s 1630s|
|Years:||1597 1598 1599 – 1600 – 1601 1602 1603|
|1600 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2353|
|English Regnal year||42 Eliz. 1 – 43 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4296 or 4236
— to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
4297 or 4237
|- Vikram Samvat||1656–1657|
|- Shaka Samvat||1522–1523|
|- Kali Yuga||4701–4702|
|Japanese calendar||Keichō 5
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||312 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2142–2143|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1600.|
1600 (MDC) was a century leap year starting on Saturday (dominical letter BA) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter FE) of the Julian calendar, the 1600th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 600th year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 16th century, and the 1st year of the 1600s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1600 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929. It was the last century leap year until the year 2000.
- January 1 – Scotland adopts January 1 as New Year's Day.
- January – Sebald de Weert makes the first definite sighting of the Falkland Islands.
- February 17 – Giordano Bruno is burned at the stake for heresy in Rome.
- February 19 – Huaynaputina volcano in Peru undergoes a catastrophic eruption, the worst to be recorded in South America.
- March 20 – Linköping Bloodbath: Public execution by decapitation of five Swedish nobles and de facto deposition of the Polish–Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa as ruler of Sweden.
- April 19 - First Dutch ship ever to arrive in Japan The ship, called "Liefde" ("Love"), anchored in Sashifu, in the Bungo area (nowadays Usuki in Oita Prefecture).
- July 2 – Battle of Nieuwpoort in the Eighty Years' War (Dutch War of Independence) between the Dutch and the Spanish.
- August 5 – The brothers Alexander Ruthven and John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, are killed during a failed attempt to kidnap or murder King James VI of Scotland at their home.
- October 21 – Battle of Sekigahara in Japan, granting Tokugawa Ieyasu nominal control over the whole country.
- December 31 – East India Company granted a Royal Charter in the Kingdom of England.
- Sumo wrestling becomes a professional sport in Japan.
- William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream is first performed and his play The Merchant of Venice is published.
- William Gilbert publishes De Magnete, which describes the Earth's magnetic field and is the beginning of modern Geomagnetism.
- Fabritio Caroso's Nobiltà de dame is published.
- Ulster chieftains, with the lead of Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, resist the English reconquest of Ireland.
- A Persian embassy arrives in Prague and meets with Rudolf II.
- Martin Möller is appointed chief pastor of Görlitz.
- The Lutheran orthodox campaign intensifies to reinforce the Book of Concord (approximate date).
- January 1 – Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (d. 1649)
- January 17 – Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish playwright (d. 1681)
- January 28 – Pope Clement IX (d. 1669)
- February – Edmund Calamy the Elder, English presbyterian (d. 1666)
- February 2 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)
- March 3 – George Ghica, Prince of Wallachia (d. 1664)
- May 13 – Empress Xiaoduanwen of the Qing Dynasty (d. 1649)
- August 16 – Maria Celeste, nun, daughter of Galileo Galilei
- November – John Ogilby, English writer and cartographer (d. 1676)
- November 19
- date unknown
- Marin le Roy de Gomberville, French poet and novelist (d. 1674)
- Sir Richard Grenville, 1st Baronet, English Royalist leader (d. 1658)
- Peter Heylin, English ecclesiastical writer (d. 1662)
- Antoine de Laloubère, French Jesuit mathematician (d. 1664)
- Claude Lorrain, French painter, draughtsman and engraver of the Baroque era (d. 1682)
- Anna Alojza Ostrogska, Polish noblewoman (d. 1654)
- William Prynne, English puritan politician (d. 1669)
- Brian Walton, English divine and scholar (d. 1661)
- February 13 – Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter (b. 1538)
- February 17 – Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher (burned at the stake) (b. 1548)
- February 18 – José de Acosta, Spanish Jesuit missionary and naturalist (b. 1540)
- April – Thomas Deloney, English writer (b. 1543)
- May 19 – Abe Masakatsu, Japanese nobleman (b. 1541)
- July 17 – Hosokawa Gracia, Japanese noblewoman (b. 1563)
- August 5 – John Ruthven, 3rd Earl of Gowrie, Scottish conspirator (b. 1577)
- August 27 – Mizuno Tadashige, Japanese nobleman (b. 1541)
- September 1 – Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (b. 1525)
- September 26 – Claude Le Jeune, French composer (b. 1530)
- October 12 – Luis de Molina, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1535)
- October 21
- November 3 – Richard Hooker, Anglican theologian (b. 1554)
- November 6
- November 8 – Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)
- November 17 – Kuki Yoshitaka, Japanese naval commander (b. 1542)
- Jackson J. Spielvogel – Western Civilization – Volume II: Since 1500 (5th Edition), p. 401