Help:IPA for Maltese

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Maltese language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Maltese phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Maltese.

IPA Example English approximation
b ballun boy
d dar duck
d͡z gazzetta pads
d͡ʒ ġelat jail
f fwieħa four
ɡ gallettina game
ħ ħadem somewhat like hat; Arabic ḥāʾ (ح)
j jum yes
k kelb scar
l libsa look
m mara mole
n nadif no
p paġna spat
r re real, better (American English)[1]
s saqaf sow
ʃ xadina shell
t tieqa stake
t͡s zokk sits
t͡ʃ ċavetta chew
v vaska vet
w warda wall
z żaqq zoo
ʔ Luqa RP button; Hebrew aleph (א)
IPA Example English approximation
ɐ fatt cut
ɐː rani father
ɛ belt met
ɛː dehra like head, but longer
ɪː dik like bid, but longer
ɪ wisa bit
wied need
ɔ moħħ got (RP)
ɔː sod core
mur pool
ʊ kuntratt look
IPA Example English approximation
ghajn ,ghid light
ghid hate
ghum code
øʊ/ø: ewwel code(RP English/eu/oeu in french
ghawn how
bojod boy
IPA Explanation
◌ˤ pharyngealised vowel
◌ː long vowel or geminate consonant;
consonants occur both long and short word-medially and word-finally
. syllable break
ˈ stress


  1. The realization of the phoneme /r/ varies; some speakers pronounce it as an approximant [ɻ] virtually identical to that used for real in the western United States, while others pronounce it as a tap [ɾ], similar to the pronunciation of ⟨t⟩ and ⟨d⟩ between vowels in American and Australian English. When geminated, it may be pronounced as a lengthened approximant [ɻː], a tap [ɾ], or a trill [r].


  • Hume, Elizabeth (1996). "Coronal consonant, front vowel parallels in Maltese". Natural Language & Linguistic Theory. 14 (1): 163–203.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>