John Kasich

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John Kasich
File:Governor John Kasich.jpg
69th Governor of Ohio
Assumed office
January 10, 2011
Lieutenant Mary Taylor
Preceded by Ted Strickland
Chairman of the House Budget Committee
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2001
Preceded by Martin Olav Sabo
Succeeded by Jim Nussle
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 12th district
In office
January 3, 1983 – January 3, 2001
Preceded by Bob Shamansky
Succeeded by Pat Tiberi
Member of the Ohio Senate
from the 15th district
In office
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1983
Preceded by Robert O'Shaughnessy
Succeeded by Richard Pfeiffer
Personal details
Born John Richard Kasich
(1952-05-13) May 13, 1952 (age 69)
McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Lee Griffith (m. 1975–80)
Karen Waldbillig (m. 1997)
Children 2
Residence Governor's Mansion
Alma mater Ohio State University
Website Campaign website

John Richard Kasich (born May 13, 1952, McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania)[1] is an American politician, the 69th and current Governor of Ohio. First elected in 2010 and re-elected in 2014, Kasich is a member of the Republican Party.[2] His term is set to end by January 2019.

Kasich served nine terms as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Ohio's 12th congressional district from 1983 to 2001.[3] His tenure in the House included 18 years on the House Armed Services Committee and six years as chairman of the House Budget Committee. He was a key figure in the passage of both welfare reform and the Balanced Budget Act of 1997.

He was a commentator on Fox News Channel, hosting Heartland with John Kasich from 2001 to 2007. He also worked as an investment banker, serving as managing director of the Lehman Brothers office in Columbus, Ohio.[4][5]

In the 2010 Ohio gubernatorial election, Kasich defeated Democratic incumbent Ted Strickland.[6] He was re-elected in 2014, defeating Democrat Ed FitzGerald by 30 percentage points.

Kasich unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for president in 2000 and in 2016. In 2016, Kasich refused to support the Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump; instead he voted for Senator John McCain.[7][8] In 2020, he endorsed Joe Biden over Trump. Subsequently, Kasich is considered by his political allies to be a Republican In Name Only (RINO) or a Rockefeller Republican.

Early life, education, and early political career

Kasich, aged 18, meets President Nixon in 1970 at the White House, when he was a freshman at Ohio State.[9]

John Richard Kasich, Jr. was born and raised in McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania, an industrial town near Pittsburgh.[10] He is the son of Anne (née Vukovich) and John Kasich, Sr., who worked as a mail carrier.[11][12]

Kasich's father was of Czech descent, while his mother was of Croatian descent.[13] Both his father and mother were children of immigrants and were practicing Roman Catholics.[11] He has described himself as "a Croatian and a Czech".[14]

After attending public schools in his hometown of McKees Rocks, Kasich later left his native Pennsylvania, settling in Columbus, Ohio in 1970 to attend Ohio State University, where he joined the Alpha Sigma Phi fraternity.[15]

As a freshman, he wrote a letter to President Richard Nixon describing concerns he had about the nation and requesting a meeting with the President. The letter was delivered to Nixon by the University's president Novice Fawcett and Kasich was granted a 20-minute meeting with Nixon in December 1970.[16][17]

Earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from Ohio State University, in 1974,[18] he went on to work as a researcher for the Ohio Legislative Service Commission.[19] From 1975-78, he served as an administrative assistant to then-state Senator Buz Lukens.[20]

Ohio Senate career

In 1978, Kasich ran against Democratic incumbent Robert O'Shaughnessy for State Senate. A political ally of Kasich remembers him during that time as a persistent campaigner: "People said, ‘If you just quit calling me, I’ll support you.'"[21] At age 26, Kasich won with 56% of the vote, beginning his four-year term representing the 15th district.[22] Kasich was the youngest person ever elected to the Ohio Senate.[23]

One of his first acts as a State Senator was to refuse a pay raise.[24][25] Republicans gained control of the State Senate in 1980; but Kasich went his own way, for example, by opposing a budget proposal he believed would raise taxes and writing his own proposal instead.[21]

U.S. House of Representatives (1983–2001)

In 1982, Kasich ran for Congress in Ohio's 12th congressional district, which included portions of Columbus as well as the cities of Westerville, Reynoldsburg, Worthington, and Dublin. He won the Republican primary with 83% of the vote[26] and defeated incumbent Democrat U.S. Congressman Bob Shamansky in the general election by a margin of 50%–47%.[27] He was re-elected eight times after 1982,[28] winning at least 64% of the vote each time.[29]

During his congressional career, Kasich was considered a fiscal conservative, taking aim at programs supported by Republicans and Democrats. He worked with Ralph Nader in seeking to reduce corporate tax loopholes.[30][31]

Kasich was a member of the House Armed Services Committee for 18 years.[32] He developed a "fairly hawkish" reputation on that committee,[33] although he "also zealously challenged" defense spending he considered wasteful.[32][34] Among the Pentagon projects that he targeted were the B-2 bomber program (teaming up with Democratic representative Ron Dellums to cut the program, their efforts were partly successful)[30][35] and the A-12 bomber program (ultimately canceled by defense secretary Dick Cheney in 1991).[34] He participated extensively in the passage of the Goldwater–Nichols Act of 1986, which reorganized the U.S. Department of Defense.[34][36] He also pushed through the bill creating the 1988 Base Realignment and Closure Commission, which closed obsolete U.S. military bases, and successfully opposed a proposed $110 million expansion of the Pentagon building after the end of the Cold War.[34] He also "proposed a national commission on arms control" and "urged tighter controls over substances that could be used for biological warfare."[34]

Kasich as a congressman in 1985.
Kasich meeting with Ronald Reagan.

Kasich said he was "100 percent for" the first Persian Gulf War as well as the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan, but said that he did not favor U.S. military participation in the Lebanese Civil War or in Bosnia.[37] In 1997, with fellow Republican representative Floyd Spence, he introduced legislation (supported by some congressional Democrats) for the U.S. to pull out of a multilateral peacekeeping force in Bosnia.[38] In the House, he supported the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act, a Dellums-led initiative to impose economic sanctions against apartheid-era South Africa.[34]

Ranking member of the House Budget Committee

Official congressional portrait of Kasich as chairman of the House Budget committee.

In 1993, Kasich became the ranking Republican member of the House Budget Committee. Kasich and other House Budget Committee Republicans proposed an alternative to President Bill Clinton's deficit reduction bill, the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993.[39] That proposal included funds to implement Republican proposals for health care, welfare, and crime control legislation and for a child tax credit.[39] The Penny-Kasich Plan, named after Kasich and fellow lead sponsor Tim Penny, was supported by Republicans and conservative Democrats.[40] It proposed $90 billion in spending cuts over five years, almost three times as much in cuts as the $37 billion in cuts backed by the Clinton administration and Democratic congressional leaders.[40] About one-third ($27 billion) of the proposed Penny-Kasich cuts would come from means-testing Medicare, specifically by reducing Medicare payments to seniors who earned $75,000 or more in adjusted gross income.[41][42] This angered the AARP, which lobbied against the legislation.[41] Another $26 billion of the Penny-Kasich plan's cuts would have come from the U.S. Department of Defense and foreign aid, which led Secretary of Defense Les Aspin to say that the plan would destroy military morale.[41] Another $27 billion in savings would have come from federal layoffs.[41] The proposal was narrowly defeated in the House by a 219-213 vote.[40][41]

As ranking member of the Budget Committee, Kasich proposed his own health care reform plan as a rival to the Clinton health care plan of 1993 championed by First Lady Hillary Clinton, but more market-based.[43] As Time magazine wrote, "The Kasich plan would have covered all Americans by 2005, using a form of an individual mandate that would have required employees to purchase insurance through their employers. (The mandate was an idea initially supported by conservative groups like the Heritage Foundation.)"[43]

On November 17, 1993, Kasich voted to approve the North American Free Trade Agreement, casting a "yea" vote for the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act.[44]

In 1994, Kasich was one of the Republican leaders to support a last-minute deal with President Bill Clinton to pass the Federal Assault Weapons Ban. After a series of meetings with Clinton's Chief of Staff, Leon Panetta, a longtime friend of Kasich, the assault weapons ban was passed when 42 Republicans crossed party lines and voted to ban assault weapons with the Democrats.[45] His support of the assault-weapons ban angered the National Rifle Association, which gave Kasich an "F" rating in 1994 as a result.[46]

Chairman of the House Budget Committee

Balanced Budget Act of 1997 signing. Kasich, next to Newt Gingrich, was the chief architect & chairman of the House Budget Committee when the budget was last balanced.[47]

In 1995, when Republicans gained the majority in the United States Congress following the 1994 election, Kasich became chairman of the House Budget Committee. In 1996, he introduced the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act in the House, an important welfare reform bill signed into law by President Clinton.[48]

During the 1996 presidential campaign, Republican nominee Bob Dole was reported to have considered Kasich as a vice presidential running mate but instead selected Jack Kemp, a former congressman and Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.[49]

In 1997, Kasich rose to national prominence after becoming "the chief architect of a deal that balanced the federal budget for the first time since 1969"—the Balanced Budget Act of 1997.[50]

In 1998, Kasich voted to impeach President Clinton on all four charges made against him.[51] In 1999, while the Senate prepared to vote on the charges, he said: "I believe these are impeachable and removable offenses."[52]

2000 presidential campaign

Kasich did not seek re-election in 2000. In February 1999, he formed an exploratory committee to run for president.[53][54] In March 1999 he announced his campaign for the Republican nomination. After very poor fundraising, he dropped out in July 1999, before the Iowa Straw Poll, and endorsed governor George W. Bush of Texas.[55][56]

Private sector career (2001–2009)

After leaving congress, Kasich went to work for Fox News, hosting Heartland with John Kasich on the Fox News Channel and guest-hosting The O'Reilly Factor, filling in for Bill O'Reilly as needed.[57] He also occasionally appeared as a guest on Hannity & Colmes.[58]


Kasich has authored three books. Courage is Contagious, published in 1998, made the New York Times bestseller list. His second book, Stand for Something: The Battle for America's Soul, was published in 2006. In his most recent book, Every Other Monday, published in 2010, he discusses the strength he has drawn from a Bible discussion group he has been part of for many years; this book was also a New York Times bestseller.[59]

Business career

Kasich served on the board of directors for several corporations, including Invacare Corporation and the Chicago-based Norvax Inc. In 2001, Kasich joined Lehman Brothers' investment banking division as a managing director, in Columbus, Ohio.[60] He remained at Lehman Brothers until it declared bankruptcy in 2008. That year, Lehman Brothers paid him a $182,692 salary and a $432,200 bonus. He stated that the bonus was for work performed in 2007.[61]

"I wasn't involved in the inner workings of Lehman, I was a banker. I didn't go to board meetings or go and talk investment strategy with the top people. I was nowhere near that. That's like, it's sort of like being a car dealer in Zanesville and being blamed for the collapse of GM."

— 2010[62]

Political activities from 2001 to 2009

Republicans tried to recruit Kasich to run for Ohio governor in 2006, but he declined to enter the race.[63]

In 2008, Kasich formed Recharge Ohio, a political action committee (PAC) with the goal of raising money to help Republican candidates for the Ohio House of Representatives and Ohio Senate, in an effort to retain Republican majorities in the Ohio General Assembly.[64] Kasich served as honorary chairman of the PAC.[65]

Ohio governor

2010 election

On May 1, 2009, Kasich filed papers to run for governor of Ohio against incumbent Democratic governor Ted Strickland.[66] He formally announced his candidacy on June 1, 2009. On January 15, 2010, Kasich announced Ohio State Auditor Mary Taylor as his running mate.

During a speech before Ashtabula County Republicans in March 2009, Kasich talked about the need to "break the back of organized labor in the schools," according to the Ashtabula Star Beacon.[67]

Ohio teachers' unions supported Democrat Ted Strickland, and after Kasich's gubernatorial victory, he said, "I am waiting for the teachers’ unions to take out full-page ads in all the major newspapers, apologizing for what they had to say about me during this campaign."[68]

Elsewhere, he said he was willing to work with "unions that make things."[69]

On May 4, 2010, Kasich won the Republican nomination for governor, having run unopposed. On November 2, 2010, Kasich defeated incumbent Democrat Ted Strickland in a closely contested race to win the governorship.[70] He was sworn in at midnight on January 10, 2011, in a private ceremony at the Ohio Statehouse in Columbus. It was then followed by a ceremonial inauguration at the Ohio Theatre at noon on the same day.[71]

2014 re-election campaign

In November 2014, Kasich won re-election, defeating Democrat Ed FitzGerald, the county executive of Cuyahoga County, 64% to 33%. He won 86 of 88 counties.

Kasich, who was elected with Tea Party support in 2010, faced some backlash from some Tea Party activists. His decision to accept the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act's expansion of Medicaid caused some Tea Party activists to refuse to support his campaign.[72] Kasich supported longtime ally and campaign veteran Matt Borges over Portage County Tea Party chairman Tom Zawistowski for the position of chairman of the Ohio Republican Party. Zawistowski secured just three votes in his run for the chairmanship.[73] Tea Party groups announced they would support a primary challenger, or, if none emerged, the Libertarian nominee.[74]

Ultimately, Zawistowski failed to field anyone on the ballot and the Libertarian nominee (former Republican State Representative Charlie Earl) was removed from the ballot after failing to gain the required number of valid signatures necessary for ballot access.[75]

Political positions and record

The Guardian reports that Kasich is sometimes "billed as a moderate" due to his "unassuming image," but has a record in the House and as Ohio governor that "puts him a big step to the right of what many Americans would consider in the middle." Larry Sabato, the director of the University of Virginia Center for Politics, who has known Kasich for years, says that "If you had asked me in the 90s about Kasich I would have said he was a Gingrich conservative."[76] Kasich's friend Curt Steiner, former chief of staff to former Republican Ohio governor and U.S. senator George Voinovich, described Kasich as a "solid Republican" with "an independent streak."[77]


Kasich is a "firm abortion opponent"[78] and describes himself as pro-life.[79][80][81] Since 2011, Kasich has signed 16 anti-abortion measures into law.[76][79] In June 2013, Kasich signed into law a state budget, HB 59, which stripped some $1.4 million in federal dollars from Planned Parenthood by placing the organization last on the priority list for family-planning funds;[81][82] provided funding to crisis pregnancy centers;[82] and required women seeking abortions to undergo ultrasounds.[81][83] The budget also barred abortion providers from entering into emergency transfer agreements with public hospitals, requiring abortion providers to find private hospitals willing to enter into transfer agreements.[81] Another provision of the bill requires abortion providers to offer information on family planning and adoption services in certain situations.[81] Under the budget, rape crisis centers could lose public funding if they counseled sexual assault victims about abortion.[82]

In 2015, Kasich said in an interview that Planned Parenthood "ought to be de-funded" but Republicans in Congress should not force a government shutdown over the issue.[84]

In December 2016, Kasich approved a ban on abortions after 20 weeks, except when a pregnancy endangers a woman's life, but vetoed HB 493, a law which would have made abortion illegal after detection of a fetal heartbeat (typically 5–6 weeks after conception). Kasich cited the cost to taxpayers of a lengthy litigation process and likelihood that the "Heartbeat Bill" would be struck down in federal court as reasons for vetoing the more restrictive bill.[85][86]

Climate change, energy, and environment

In a speech in April 2012, Kasich acknowledged that climate change is real and is a problem.[78][87] In the same speech Kasich said that the Environmental Protection Agency should not regulate carbon emissions and that instead states and private companies should be in charge of regulating coal-fired power plant emissions.[78] In 2015, Kasich stated that he does not know all the causes of climate change.[88]

In 2014, Kasich signed into law a bill freezing Ohio's renewable portfolio standard (RPS) program for two years.[89][90] Ohio's RPS program was created by 2008 legislation and required the state to acquire 12.5 percent of its energy portfolio from renewable sources and to reduce energy consumption by 22 percent by 2025.[89] The legislation signed by Kasich to stop the program was supported by Republican legislative leaders, utility companies, and some industry groups, and opposed by environmentalists, some manufacturers, and the American Lung Association.[89][90]

In his 2015 budget plan, Kasich proposed raising the tax rate on hydraulic fracturing (fracking) activities.[91] Specifically, Kasich's plan called for imposing a 6.5 percent severance tax on crude oil and natural gas extracted via horizontal drilling and sold at the source (about $3.25 per $50 barrel of oil), and for an additional 4.5 percent tax per thousand cubic feet on natural gas and liquefied natural gas (about $0.16 per thousand cubic feet).[91] The proposal would not affect conventional drilling taxes.[91]

Kasich formerly supported fracking in Ohio state parks and forests, signing legislation in mid-2011 authorizing him to appoint a five-member commission to oversee the leasing of mineral rights on state land to the highest bidders.[92] In 2012, Kasich aides planned a campaign with a stated goal to "marginalize the effectiveness of communications by adversaries about the initiative" to bring fracking to state parks and forests, naming in an email the Ohio Sierra Club and state Representatives Robert F. Hagan and Nickie Antonio as adversaries of the plan.[92] Kasich never appointed the commission, and the promotional plan was never put into effect.[92] A memo and email relating to the 2012 promotional campaign were publicly released for the first time in February 2015, which according to the Columbus Dispatch attracted criticism from state environmental and liberal groups, as well as Democratic state legislators, who called for an investigation.[92] On the same day the governor reversed himself, with a spokesman saying, "At this point, the governor doesn't support fracking in state parks. We reserve the right to revisit that, but it's not what he wants to do right now, and that's been his position for the past year and a half."[92]

In April 2015, Kasich signed a bill aimed at protecting Lake Erie's water quality.[93][94] The bill places restrictions on the spread of manure and other fertilizers that contribute to toxic algal blooms and requires large public water treatment plants to monitor phosphorus levels.[93] The bill had been unanimously approved by both chambers of the Ohio Legislature the previous month.[93]

Kasich is a supporter of the Keystone XL oil pipeline project; along with other Republican governors, Kasich signed an open letter in support of federal approval for the project in February 2015.[95]

Policing and criminal justice

Prison privatization

To offset a state budget deficit, Kasich proposed selling five state prisons to the for-profit prison industry. The Lake Erie prison was sold for $72.7 million to the Corrections Corporation of America (CCA), generating savings of $3 million. Kasich's Director of Corrections, Gary Mohr, whom he had hired in January 2011, had previously worked for CCA, but he said that he removed himself from the sales process. In an audit in October 2012, CCA was cited for 47 contractual violations, and failed a second audit later that year.[96][97][98] In July 2015, the Kasich administration announced its intent to sell the North Central Correctional Institution at Marion, in order to recoup the state's original investment in the facility and invest the proceeds in community-based alternatives to prison.[99]

Policing standards

Following the separate fatal police shootings of John Crawford III and Tamir Rice, a 12-year-old boy in Ohio, while each were holding BB guns,[100][101] where grand juries decided not to indict any of the officers involved,[102] Kasich created the Ohio Collaborative Community-Police Advisory Board "to address what he described as frustration and distrust among some Ohioans toward their police departments, particularly among the black community."[103][104] The 23-member task force (with 18 members appointed by Kasich) was appointed in January 2015[105] and issued its 629-page final report and recommendations in April 2015.[106][107] The report recommended greater accountability and oversight for police agencies and officers, further community education and involvement in policing, and new use-of-force and recruitment, hiring, and training standards for police agencies.[106][107]

In April 2015, Kasich created the Ohio Collaborative Community-Police Advisory Board, a twelve-member board tasked (in conjunction with the Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services and the Ohio Department of Public Safety) with developing statewide standards for the recruiting, hiring and screening of police officers, and for the use of force (including deadly force) by police.[103][108] The advisory board, the first of its kind in Ohio, was also tasked by Kasich with developing "model policies and best practice recommendations to promote better interaction and communication between law enforcement departments and their home communities."[103][109] In August 2015, the board issued its recommendations, which placed "an emphasis on the preservation of human life and restrict officers to defending themselves or others from death or serious injury."[110]

In August 2015, Kasich said that he was open to the idea of requiring police officers to wear body cameras.[111]

Capital punishment

As of July 2015, Kasich had presided over the executions of twelve inmates and commuted the death sentences of five inmates.[112][113] In January 2015, Kasich announced that, due to pending litigation and other issues, he was delaying all seven executions scheduled through January 2016. At that time, the most recent execution had occurred in January 2014.[112][114] The Governor's executions have been slowed by European pharmaceutical companies, who have refused to supply the state with the drugs necessary to carry them out, forcing them to find alternative products.[115]

Executive clemency

John Kasich speaking in January 2016.

According to records obtained by the Columbus Dispatch through a public-records request, Kasich granted 66 of 1,521 requests for executive clemency, about 4.4 percent of the non-death-penalty cases he received and acted upon from 2011 to 2014.[113] This was the lowest clemency rate of any Ohio governor since at least the 1980s, when records began to be kept.[113]

Criminal justice reform issues

Kasich supports various criminal justice reform efforts; according to conservative Washington Post columnist George Will, Kasich "favors fewer mandatory minimum sentences and has instituted prison policies that prepare inmates for re-integration into communities."[116] In 2011, Kasich signed sentencing reform legislation which allowed judges to sentence defendants convicted of non-violent fourth- and fifth-degree felonies to "community-based halfway house facilities" instead of prison; expanded the earned credit system to allow inmates to reduce their sentences; and allowed felons who have already served 80 percent or more of their sentences to be immediately released.[117]

In 2012, Kasich signed into law a bill, sponsored by Cleveland Democratic Senator Shirley Smith and Cincinnati Republican Senator Bill Seitz, easing the collateral consequences of criminal conviction.[118]

In September 2014, Kasich touted the Ohio's prison system's recidivism rate, which is one of the lowest in the nation.[119] U.S. Senator Rob Portman, a Republican, attributed a drop in Ohio's recidivism rate "to the bipartisan work of the state legislature, Governor Kasich, Ohio's reentry leaders and the success of programs made possible at the federal level by the Second Chance Act," which Portman sponsored.[120]

In 2015, Kasich proposed a state budget including $61.7 million for addiction treatment services for prisoners.[121]

Drug policy

Kasich initially expressed opposition to medical marijuana in 2012, saying "There's better ways to help people who are in pain."[122] However, in late 2015 and early 2016, Kasich said he was open to legalization of medical marijuana.[123][124]

In a 2015 interview with radio talk show host Hugh Hewitt, Kasich said he was opposed to the legalization of recreational drugs in some states and equated marijuana and heroin, stating: "In my state and across this country, if I happened to be president, I would lead a significant campaign down at the grassroots level to stomp these drugs out of our country."[125][126]

When Kasich was asked by Hewitt whether, if elected president, he would federally enforce marijuana laws in states which have legalized marijuana, Kasich characterized it as a states' rights issue and said that "I'd have to think about it."[126] When asked the same question later in 2015, Kasich said: "I would try to discourage the states from doing it...but I would be tempted to say I don't think we can go and start disrupting what they've decided."[127]

Kasich opposed "Issue 3," an Ohio ballot measure in 2015 that proposed the legalization of recreational marijuana, saying it was a "terrible idea."[127][128][129]

In March 2014, in an effort to address the opioid epidemic, Kasich signed legislation (passed unanimously in both chambers of the state legislature) expanding the availability of naloxone, a lifesaving antidote to opioid overdoses; the measure allowed friends and family members of addicts to obtain access to naloxone and for first responders to carry naloxone.[130] In July 2015, Kasich signed legislation further expanding the availability of naloxone, making it available without a prescription.[131]

Economic policy

State budgets and taxation

During Kasich's tenure, the state has eliminated a budget shortfall that his administration has estimated at $8 billion, but which the Cleveland Plain Dealer estimated at closer to $6 billion.[132] (The New York Times put the number at $7.7 billion).[133] Ohio also increased its "rainy day fund" from effectively zero to more than $2 billion.[134]

Kasich "closed the budget shortfall in part by cutting aid to local governments, forcing some of them to raise their own taxes or cut services. And increasing sales taxes helped make the income tax cuts possible."[133] An analysis by the Plain Dealer in March 2016 found that more than 70 cities and villages had lost at least $1 million a year due to Kasich's budget and taxation policy.[133]

In March 2008, Kasich called for "phasing out" Ohio's state income tax.[135]

During Kasich's time as governor, Ohio ranked 22nd out of the 50 states for private-sector job growth, at 9.3%.[133]

Kasich signed a state budget in 2011 which eliminated the state's estate tax effective January 1, 2013.[133][136]

In 2013, Kasich signed into law a $62 billion two-year state budget.[81] The budget provided for a 10-percent state income tax cut phased in over three years, and an increase in the state sales tax from 5.5 percent to 5.75 percent. It also included a 50% tax cut for small business owners on the first $250,000 of annual net income.[81] Kasich used his line-item veto power to reject a measure that would stop the Medicaid expansion (which Kasich had accepted from the federal government) to cover nearly 275,000 working poor Ohioans.[81]

In 2015, Kasich signed into law a $71 billion two-year state budget after using his line-item veto power to veto 44 items.[137] The overall 2015 budget provides a 6.3 percent state income-tax cut as a part one component of a $1.9 billion net tax reduction and lowers the top income-tax rate to slightly below 5 percent.[137] The budget also "spends $955 million more in basic state aid for K-12 schools than the last two-year period"; "boosts state funding for higher education to help offset a two-year tuition freeze at public universities"; expands the Medicaid health program; increases cigarette taxes by 35 cents a pack; and "prohibits independent health care and child care workers under contract with the state from unionizing."[137]

Senate Bill 5 and labor issues

On March 31, 2011, in his first year as governor, Kasich signed into law Senate Bill 5, a controversial labor law which restricted collective bargaining rights of public employees, such as police officers, firefighters, and teachers.[138][139] The legislation, championed by Kasich,[140] prohibited all public employees from striking and restricted their ability to negotiate health care and pension benefits.[138][139] The final version of the legislation signed by Kasich had passed the state Senate in a 17-16 vote (with six Senate Republicans joining all of the Senate Democrats in voting no) and the state House in a 53-44 vote, with two members abstaining.[141]

Democrats and labor unions opposed the legislation and placed a referendum on the November 2011 ballot to repeal SB 5.[138] SB 5 also "sparked numerous protests with thousands of union workers and other opponents descending on the Statehouse, mirroring similar demonstrations in Wisconsin and injecting Ohio into the national debate over Republican governors' attempts to curb public workers' collective bargaining rights."[142] Kasich and other supporters of SB 5 characterized the legislation as a necessary measure "to help public employers control labor costs" and reduce tax burdens to make Ohio more competitive with other states, while labor unions and other opponents characterized the bill as "a union-busting attack on the middle class."[142]

Ohio voters rejected Senate Bill 5 in a 61 percent to 39 percent vote, which was viewed as a rebuke to Kasich.[138][139][143] On election night, Kasich said in a speech at the Ohio Statehouse that "It's clear the people have spoken. I heard their voices. I understand their decision. And frankly, I respect what the people have to say in an effort like this."[138][143] Following this defeat, Kasich dropped efforts for a broad-based collective bargaining restrictions, although in 2012 he supported a bill including "provisions reminiscent of Senate Bill 5" but applying only to the Cleveland Metropolitan School District.[138]

In May 2015, Kasich rescinded executive orders issued by his predecessor Ted Strickland in 2007 and 2008 that provided the right to home health care contractors and in-home child care contractors to collectively bargain with the state.[144]

Balanced budget amendment

Kasich has campaigned for a balanced budget amendment to the U.S. Constitution.[145] Kasich created a 501(c)(4) group, Balanced Budget Forever, to promote the cause.[146]

Civil liberties and electronic surveillance

In speaking in the 2016 campaign on domestic surveillance, Kasich has "straddled the line," praising Rand Paul for saying that "we need to get warrants," but also saying "if there's information they need, the government needs to get it."[147] Kasich has said there needs to be "a balance between good intelligence and the need to protect Americans from what can become an aggressive government somewhere down the road."[148]

On one occasion, Kasich spoke out against proposals to mandate that technology companies provide a "backdoor" for the government to access encrypted devices, saying that this could end up aiding hackers.[149] On a subsequent occasion, Kasich said that encryption was dangerous because it could stymie government antiterrorism investigations.[150]

Kasich has condemned whistleblower Edward Snowden as a traitor.[147]


Kasich proposed new legislation which would increase funding to charter schools and poor school districts.[78] He canceled the school-funding formula put into place by his Democratic predecessor, Governor Ted Strickland.[151]

During Kasich's tenure as governor, he pushed to expand charter schools, increase the number of school vouchers that use public money to pay for tuition at private schools, implement a "merit pay" scheme for teachers, and evaluate teachers by student standardized test scores in math and reading.[152] Kasich supports the Common Core State Standards and has criticized Republicans who turned against it.[152]

During Kasich's tenure, funding for traditional public schools declined by about $500 million, while funding for charter schools has increased at least 27 percent.[152] As calculated by the Howard Fleeter/Education Tax Policy Institute, total school funding under Kasich (including both charter and district schools) has ranged from a low of $7.1 billion in fiscal year 2013 to $7.8 billion in fiscal year 2015, which was higher than its previous peak under Kasich's predecessor, Ted Strickland.[153] As calculated by the Howard Fleeter/Education Tax Policy Institute, Kasich has proposed total school funding of $8.0 billion in fiscal year 2016 and fiscal year 2017.[153] The Ohio Department of Education—which includes more spending areas than Fleeter's does and so reports higher numbers[153]—projects total school funding for Ohio schools to rise to slightly under $10.5 billion by the end of fiscal year 2017.[154]

Analysts disagree "on whether Kasich's education budgets give increases beyond inflation."[153] In the 2015 state budget, Kasich used his line-item veto power "to cut more than $84 million of funding from public schools."[78]

According to a September 2014 story in the Columbus Dispatch, Kasich favors allowing public school districts "to teach alternatives to evolution—such as intelligent design—if local school officials want to, under the philosophy of 'local control.'"[155]

Foreign and defense policy

John Kasich speaking at the Conservative Political Action Conference.

In November 2002, Kasich urged the invasion of Iraq, telling a crowd of students at The Ohio State University: "We should go to war with Iraq. It's not likely that (Saddam) Hussein will give up his weapons. If he did he would be disgraced in the Arab world."[156]

In an interview in August 2015, Kasich said: "I would never have committed ourselves to Iraq."[156] A Kasich spokesman subsequently said that "Kasich was not revising history" but was instead saying that the Iraq War was a mistake given the facts available now.[156]

Kasich has said that the U.S. "should've left a base in Iraq" instead of withdrawing troops in 2011.[37][156]

In 2015, Kasich said that airstrikes were insufficient to combat the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, and he would send U.S. ground troops to fight ISIL.[157][158]

Kasich opposed the landmark 2015 international nuclear agreement with Iran,[37] and in September 2015 was one of fourteen Republican governors who sent a letter to President Obama stating "that we intend to ensure that the various state-level sanctions [against Iran] that are now in effect remain in effect," despite the agreement.[159]

Kasich has expressed support for the U.S.'s drone program.[147] He has said, however, that the program should be overseen by the Department of Defense, and not by the CIA.[37]

Kasich has said that he wants to lift budget sequestration for military spending, and "spend more if necessary."[160]

In November 2015, Kasich said that if elected president, he "would send a carrier battle group through the South China Sea" to send a message to China regarding their claims of sovereignty there.[147]

LGBT issues

In the U.S. House of Representatives in 1996, Kasich voted for the Defense of Marriage Act, which barred federal recognition of same-sex marriage.[161] During this period, Kasich supported a ban on same-sex marriage in Ohio and stated that he did not approve of the "gay lifestyle."[161] As governor of Ohio, Kasich signed an executive order banning discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation for state employees; this was more narrow than the previous executive order signed by his predecessor because it omitted protections for gender identity.[162]

During the 2016 presidential campaign, Kasich struck a more moderate tone compared to his Republican opponents. In June 2015, following the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Obergefell v. Hodges, which held that there is a fundamental right to same-sex marriage under the Fourteenth Amendment, Kasich said that he was "obviously disappointed"[163][164] and that he believes in "traditional marriage,"[165] but that the ruling was "the law of the land and we'll abide by it" and that it was "time to move on" to other issues.[165] Kasich indicated that he did not support an amendment to the U.S. Constitution to overturn the decision.[165] In response to a debate question about how he would explain his position on same-sex marriage to one of his daughters if she were gay, Kasich responded, "The court has ruled, and I said we'll accept it. And guess what, I just went to a wedding of a friend of mine who happens to be gay. Because somebody doesn't think the way I do doesn't mean that I can't care about them or can't love them. So if one of my daughters happened to be that, of course I would love them and I would accept them. Because you know what? That's what we're taught when we have strong faith."[166]

In September 2015, Kasich commented on the highly publicized case of Kim Davis (the Rowan County, Kentucky clerk who refused to comply with a federal court order directing her to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples), saying: "Now, I respect the fact that this lady doesn't agree but she's also a government employee, she's not running a church, I wouldn't force this on a church. But in terms of her responsibility I think she has to comply. I don't think —I don't like the fact that she's sitting in a jail, that's absurd as well. But I think she should follow the law."[167]

Gun policy

While in the U.S. House of Representatives, Kasich had a mixed record on gun policy.[168] He was one of 215 Representatives to vote for the Federal Assault Weapons Ban, which became law in 1994, but voted against the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act ("Brady Bill"), which established current background check laws.[168]

As governor, Kasich shifted to more pro-gun positions.[168] In 2011, he signed one bill permitting concealed handguns in bars and another making it easier for people with misdemeanor drug convictions to purchase guns.[168] In 2012, Kasich signed a bill allowing gun owners to transport weapons with loaded magazines in their vehicles and expanding concealed carry permit reciprocity.[168] In December 2014, Kasich signed legislation that reduced the numbers of hours of training required to obtain a concealed carry permit and eliminated the training requirement for permit renewals.[168]

Health care

Kasich opted to accept Medicaid-expansion funding provided by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA or "Obamacare") in Ohio.[169][170][171] This decision angered many Statehouse Republicans, who wanted Kasich to reject the expansion.[170][172]

Total spending on Medicaid by the state was almost $2 billion (or 7.6 percent) below estimates for the fiscal year ending in June 2015, according to a report by Kasich's administration. The lower-than-expected costs were attributed to expanded managed care, shorter nursing home stays and increased in-home care for seniors, capitated reimbursement policies, increased automation to determine eligibility for the program and pay care providers, and an improving economy in the state which allowed some participants to move out of the program.[173]

In an October 2014 interview, Kasich said that repeal of the ACA was "not gonna happen" and stated that "The opposition to it was really either political or ideological. I don't think that holds water against real flesh and blood, and real improvements in people's lives."[170] Kasich later said that he was referring solely to the law's Medicaid expansion, and that "my position is that we need to repeal and replace" the rest of the law.[170][174]

In 2015, Kasich expressed support for many provisions of the ACA (ensuring coverage for people with preexisting conditions, the use of insurance exchanges, and Medicaid expansion), but opposed mandates.[175]


In 2010, while running for governor, Kasich expressed support for amending the U.S. Constitution to abolish the Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of jus soli (birthright) citizenship for people born in the United States.[176][177] Kasich also told the Columbus Dispatch at the time that "One thing that I don't want to reward is illegal immigration."[176]

In 2014, Kasich acknowledged that his stance on immigration has "evolved" because "maybe [I'm] a little smarter now," stating: "I don't want to see anybody in pain. So I guess when I look at this now, I look at it differently than I did in '10. ... When I look at a group of people who might be hiding, who may be afraid, who may be scared, who have children, I don't want to be in a position of where I make it worse for them."[176] That year, Kasich expressed openness to a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, saying at a Republican Governors Association (RGA) meeting in Florida, "I don't like the idea of citizenship when people jump the line, [but] we may have to do it."[177] Kasich was the only governor at the RGA conference "to express openly a willingness to create a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants."[176]

In August 2015, while running for president, Kasich called for a path to legal status (but not necessarily citizenship) for undocumented immigrants and for a guest worker program.[177][178] Kasich also appeared to disavow his earlier stance against birthright citizenship, stating "I don't think we need to go there"; called for completion of a fence along the U.S.-Mexico border; and noted that undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as young children may obtain driver's licenses in Ohio.[177][178]

In October 2015, Kasich criticized Donald Trump's "plan to build a wall along the Mexican border and remove immigrants who entered the United States illegally," calling these notions "just crazy."[179]

Lieutenant governor

In 2014, Kasich defended his lieutenant governor, Mary Taylor, after Taylor's chief of staff and that chief of staff's administrative assistant resigned following a timesheet probe.[180][181] Kasich said of Taylor's handling of the matter: "Mary did the right thing and I support her."[181]

Racial diversity in Cabinet

Upon taking office in 2011, Kasich received criticism for appointing an initial all-white cabinet of 22 members.[182] Responding to criticism for not appointing any black, Hispanic, or Asian Cabinet members, Kasich said: "I don't look at things from the standpoint of any of these sort of metrics that people tend to focus on, race or age, or any of those things. It's not the way I look at things... I want the best possible team I can get."[182] Shortly afterward, on February 2, 2011, Kasich made his first minority appointment to the Cabinet, naming Michael Colbert, a black man, to lead the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services.[183]


Throughout his first gubernatorial campaign, Kasich opposed the Ohio Hub higher-speed passenger rail project (a proposed 258-mile Cleveland-to-Cincinnati train) and promised to cancel it, claiming that it would average speeds of merely 36 mph.[184] In his first press conference following his election victory, Kasich declared "That train is dead...I said it during the campaign: It is dead."[185]

As governor-elect, Kasich lobbied the federal government to use $400 million in federal dollars allocated for high-speed rail for freight rail projects instead.[184][186] In a November 2010 letter to Kasich, Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood wrote that the federal funding was specifically allocated by the 2009 economic stimulus act for high-speed rail, and could not be used for other purposes.[186] In a December 2010 meeting with President Barack Obama, Kasich again unsuccessfully lobbied to use the grant money for freight rail rather than high-speed rail.[187]

In December 2010, the U.S. Department of Transportation announced that Ohio would lose the $385 million in grant funds allocated for high-speed passenger rail, since Kasich had informed them that he had no intention of ever building high-speed rail projects.[188] (Almost $15 million had already been spent for preliminary engineering.)[184] The $385 million was instead diverted to other states, such as California, New York, and Florida, which planned high-speed rail using the grant money for its congressionally intended purpose.[184][188] Outgoing governor Ted Strickland, who championed the project, expressed disappointment, saying that the loss of funding for the project was "one of the saddest days during my four years as governor" and that "I can't understand the logic of giving up these vital, job-creating resources to California and Florida at a time when so many Ohioans need jobs."[184][188]

Kasich is an opponent of the Cincinnati Streetcar project.[189][190]

In April 2015, Kasich signed a two-year transportation budget bill which allocated $7.06 billion for highway construction and maintenance, $600 million to local governments for road and bridge projects, and an additional million over the last budget for public transportation.[191]

Voting rights

In February 2014, Kasich signed into law a bill which cut six days from Ohio's early voting period, including the "golden week" (a period at the beginning of early voting when voters could both register to vote and cast an in-person absentee ballot).[192][193] The measures were hotly contested in the state legislature,[192] passing on a party-line vote, with Republicans in favor and Democrats opposed.[194] This measure prompted two federal lawsuits.[195] One, brought by the American Civil Liberties Union of Ohio on behalf of the NAACP and League of Women Voters of Ohio, resulted in a settlement in April 2015, in which the state agreed to provide evening and Sunday hours for early voting in elections in Ohio through 2018.[196] The second, still-pending lawsuit was brought in May 2015 by Marc Elias, lead campaign lawyer for Hillary for America; that suit alleges that the Ohio measures disproportionately burden black, Latino and young voters.[195][197] In July 2015, Kasich said that it was "pure demagoguery" for Hillary Clinton to "say that there are Republicans who are deliberately trying to keep people from voting."[198]

In April 2015, Kasich used his line-item veto power to veto a provision added to a highway-budget bill by Republicans in the state legislature that would have required college students who register to vote in Ohio to obtain a state driver's license and vehicle registration, imposing an estimated $75 in motor vehicle costs on out-of-state college students who wanted to vote in the state.[199][200][201] The veto was celebrated by voting rights advocates, Ohio Democrats, and the Cleveland Plain Dealer editorial board, which viewed the proposal as effectively a "poll tax" motivated by a partisan desire to limit college-town voting.[199][200][201]

Judicial appointments

In Ohio, justices of the Ohio Supreme Court are elected, but the governor can fill unexpired terms. In May 2012, Ohio Supreme Court Associate Justice Evelyn Lundberg Stratton announced she would retire at the end of 2012.[202] In December 2012, Kasich appointed Judge Judith L. French to Stratton's unexpired term, which ran from January 1, 2013 through January 1, 2015.[203]

2016 presidential campaign

File:John Kasich by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Kasich speaking at a town hall in New Hampshire

In April 2015, he had announced the formation of his "New Day For America" group. Formerly a 527 group, it filed as a super PAC in July 2015.[204] Between April 20 and June 30, 2015, the super PAC raised over $11.1 million from 165 "reportable contributions," including 34 contributions of $100,000 or more.[204] Major contributors to the PAC include Floyd Kvamme, who donated $100,000, and Jim Dicke, chairman emeritus of Crown Equipment Corporation, who donated $250,000.[204] According to FEC filings, Kasich's campaign had $2.5 million on hand at the beginning of 2016.[205]

In May 2015, sources close to him had said he was "virtually certain" to run for the Republican nomination for president.[206] On July 21, 2015, Kasich announced his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination during a speech at the Ohio Union, the student union of his alma mater, the Ohio State University.[207][208][209]

On January 30, 2016, the New York Times endorsed Kasich for the Republican nomination. The Times editorial board strongly rebuked leading candidates Donald Trump and Senator Ted Cruz and wrote that Kasich, "though a distinct underdog, is the only plausible choice for Republicans tired of the extremism and inexperience on display in this race."[210]

On the campaign trail, Kasich sought to project a sunny, optimistic message, describing himself as "the prince of light and hope."[211][212] This marked a change in tone for Kasich, who had developed a reputation as an abrasive governor.[213] Viewed as a long-shot contender, Kasich took an "above-the-fray approach to his rivals" and "ran unapologetically as a candidate with experience" even as others ran as "outsider" contenders.[214]

Kasich came in second place in the New Hampshire primary on February 9, 2016, behind winner Trump. The Cincinnati Enquirer reported that this was "the best possible result" for Kasich and lent "credence to the notion that he can emerge" as a Republican alternative to Trump and Cruz.[215]

Ultimately, however, Kasich's message "never caught on in a campaign that ... exposed the anger and frustration coursing through the electorate" and he "found himself stuck in fourth place in a three-man race, trailing Senator Marco Rubio of Florida in the delegate count" although Rubio had dropped out of the race in March.[214]

The only state won by Kasich was his home state of Ohio,[214] which gave him 66 delegates in its March 2016 winner-take-all primary but still left him with "a steep delegate deficit against his rivals."[216] Kasich's unsuccessful campaign strategy hinged on the possibility of a contested (or brokered) Republican National Convention, in which no single candidate has enough delegates to win the nomination on the first ballot, something that has not happened in either of the two major parties' presidential nominating conventions since 1952.[217] Kasich suspended his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination (i.e., effectively dropped out of the race) on May 4, 2016, one day after Trump won the Republican primary in Indiana. The third remaining contender, Cruz, quit the race shortly before Kasich did, leaving Trump as the only candidate remaining in the Republican field and hence the party's presumptive nominee.[214]


Following his withdrawal from the race, Kasich did not extend his support to Trump. In May and June 2016, Kasich said that Trump was a divisive figure rather than a "unifier," said that he had no plans to endorse Trump in the near future, and ruled out accepting the position of vice-presidential running mate under Trump.[218][219]

Kasich stated that it was "hard to say" whether he would ever endorse Trump and added: "I can't go for dividing, name calling, or somebody that doesn't really represent conservative principles."[220] Kasich says that he has ruled out voting for Hillary Clinton, but lacks the enthusiasm to fully back Trump.[221]

In August 2016, Kasich repeated an earlier claim that the Trump campaign had offered him a powerful vice presidency, "putting him in charge of all domestic and foreign policy".[222] The Trump campaign denied that such an offer had been made.[222] Kasich also doubted whether Trump could win Ohio, a critical state in the election.[222] Later that month, Trump ally and conspiracy theorist Roger Stone claimed that Kasich would rig the Ohio vote to allow Hillary Clinton to win the state.[223] It was speculated that Kasich was looking towards a 2020 campaign,[224] with the expectation that Trump would be defeated in the 2016 campaign.[225] This speculation was strengthened by a report that Kasich had planned to give a speech to the American Enterprise Institute less than 48 hours after the election but cancelled it the morning after the election when it was clear that Trump won.[226]

Kasich received one electoral vote for the presidency from a faithless elector in Texas, who was pledged to vote for Trump. An elector in Colorado also attempted to vote for him, but their vote was discarded and they were replaced by an alternate elector who voted for Hillary Clinton, as pledged.[227]

Personal life

Kasich has been married twice. His first marriage was to Mary Lee Griffith from 1975 to 1980, and they had no children. Griffith has campaigned for Kasich since their divorce. Kasich and his current wife, Karen Waldbillig, a former public relations executive, were married in March 1997 and have twin daughters, Emma and Reese. John has a younger brother Rick, age 59.[228]

Kasich was raised a Catholic, but considers denominations irrelevant, while stating that "there's always going to be a part of me that considers myself a Catholic." He drifted away from his religion as an adult, but came to embrace an Anglican faith after his parents were killed in a car crash by a drunk driver on August 20, 1987.[229][230][231][232] Kasich has said he "doesn't find God in church" but does belong to St. Augustine's in Westerville, Ohio, which is part of the Anglican Church in North America, a conservative church that broke off from the Episcopal Church.[232]

Electoral history

Election results[233][234]
Year Office Election Candidate Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes %
1982 U.S. House of Representatives General John Kasich Republican 88,335 50% Bob Shamansky Democratic 82,753 47% Russell A. Lewis Libertarian 3,939 2%
1984 U.S. House of Representatives General John Kasich Republican 148,899 70% Richard S. Sloan Democratic 65,215 30%
1986 U.S. House of Representatives General John Kasich Republican 117,905 73% Timothy C. Jochim Democratic 42,727 27%
1988 U.S. House of Representatives General John Kasich Republican 204,892 80% Mark P. Brown Democratic 50,782 20%
1990 U.S. House of Representatives General John Kasich Republican 130,495 72% Mike Gelpi Democratic 50,784 28%
1992 U.S. House of Representatives General John Kasich Republican 170,297 71% Bob Fitrakis Democratic 68,761 29%
1994 U.S. House of Representatives General John Kasich Republican 114,608 67% Cynthia L. Ruccia Democratic 57,294 33% N/A Write-in 443 0%
1996 U.S. House of Representatives General John Kasich Republican 151,667 64% Cynthia L. Ruccia Democratic 78,762 33% Barbara Ann Edelman Natural Law 7,005 3%
1998 U.S. House of Representatives General John Kasich Republican 124,197 67% Edward S. Brown Democratic 60,694 33%
2010 Governor of Ohio General John Kasich Republican 1,889,186 49% Ted Strickland Democratic 1,812,059 47% Ken Matesz Libertarian 92,116 2%
2014 Governor of Ohio General John Kasich Republican 1,944,848 64% Ed FitzGerald Democratic 1,009,359 33% Anita Rios Green 101,706 3%

See also


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  68. "Kasich touts reform, but few details makes districts anxious in Columbus". Retrieved 2013-07-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  69. Unions that 'make things' will get chance to help | Columbus Dispatch Politics[dead link]
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  72. Terkel, Amanda (March 11, 2013). John Kasich Faces Tea Party Protest Over Medicaid Decision, The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2014-12-24.
  73. Green, Justin (May 6, 2013). Why Does the Tea Party Want to Let Democrats Run Ohio?, The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2014-12-24.
  74. Freedlander, David (September 4, 2013). Ohio Republican Party Goes to War With Itself, Leaving 2016 in Doubt, The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2014-12-24.
  75. Joe Vardon, Libertarians angry at GOP while acknowledging faults, The Columbus Dispatch ( March 9, 2014).
  76. 76.0 76.1 Joanna Walters, John Kasich has been billed as moderate candidate, but his record is anything but, The Guardian (February 11, 2016).
  77. "Looking for another boomer president". Cincinnati Enquirer. 1998-10-11. Retrieved 2013-07-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  78. 78.0 78.1 78.2 78.3 78.4 Sarah McHaney, What does John Kasich believe? Where the candidate stands on 10 issues, PBS (July 21, 2015).
  79. 79.0 79.1 Pilkington, Ed (September 8, 2015). Ohio Planned Parenthood fights back at frontline of new conservative assault. The Guardian. Retrieved: 8 September 2015.
  80. Jessica Wehrman & Michelle Everhart, John Kasich on the issues, Columbus Dispatch (July 19, 2015).
  81. 81.0 81.1 81.2 81.3 81.4 81.5 81.6 81.7 Brandon Blackwell, Kasich signs budget, keeps abortion restrictions, leaves door open for Medicaid expansion, Cleveland Plain Dealer (July 1, 2013).
  82. 82.0 82.1 82.2 Ohio Abortion Restrictions: Gov. John Kasich Signs New State Budget Containing Anti-Abortion Measures, The Huffington Post (July 1, 2015).
  83. Juliet Eilperin, Ohio Gov. John Kasich signs new abortion restrictions into law, Washington Post (July 1, 2013).
  84. Jack Torry, John Kasich warns against government shutdown over Planned Parenthood funding, Columbus Dispatch (September 13, 2015).
  85. Grinberg, Emanuella (2016-12-14). "Ohio bans abortions after 20 weeks, vetoes 'heartbeat' bill". Retrieved 2016-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  86. "House Bill 493 - Votes | The Ohio Legislature". Retrieved 2016-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  87. Joe Vardon, Kasich breaks ranks, speaks of climate change, Columbus Dispatch (April 10, 2012).
  88. Rachel Leven & Anthony Adragna, Candidate Kasich Says Climate Change Cause Unclear, Bloomberg BNA (July 21, 2015).
  89. 89.0 89.1 89.2 Steven Mufson & Tom Hamburger, Ohio governor signs bill freezing renewable-energy standards, Washington Post (June 13, 2014).
  90. 90.0 90.1 John Funk, Ohio renewable energy and efficiency rules frozen for two years as Gov. John Kasich signs legislation, Cleveland Plain Dealer (June 13, 2014).
  91. 91.0 91.1 91.2 Jeremy Pelzer, Ohio's fracking tax would jump significantly under Gov. John Kasich's budget plan, Cleveland Plain Dealer (February 2, 2015).
  92. 92.0 92.1 92.2 92.3 92.4 Eric Albrecht, Kasich reverses on fracking in state parks: Legislators call for investigation into ODNR plan, Columbus Dispatch (February 18, 2014).
  93. 93.0 93.1 93.2 Gov. Kasich signs bill aimed at protecting Lake Erie, Ohio water quality, Toledo Blade.
  94. John Seewer, Gov. John Kasich signs new rules to help reduce Lake Erie Algae, Associated Press (April 2, 2015).
  95. Jack Torry, Kasich backs Keystone pipeline, Columbus Dispatch (February 12, 2015).
  96. Joe Guillen, Private corrections company with ties to government officials will not get special treatment while Ohio sells five prisons, director says, The Plain Dealer (March 21, 2013).
  97. Collier Meyerson, Private prisons and the profit motive, MSNBC (September 13, 2013).
  98. German Lopez, From the Inside, City Beat (May 29, 2013).
  99. Jona Ison, Ohio puts Marion prison up for sale, Marion Star (July 1, 2015).
  100. Izadi, Elahe; Holley, Peter (November 26, 2014). "Video shows Cleveland officer shooting 12-year-old Tamir Rice within seconds". Washington Post. Retrieved December 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  101. Tamir Rice decision: What the experts are saying,, Eric Heisig, December 28, 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  102. Berman, Mark (September 24, 2014). "No indictments after police shoot and kill man at an Ohio Wal-Mart; Justice Dept. launches investigation". Washington Post. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  103. 103.0 103.1 103.2 Robert Higgs, John Kasich orders minimum standards for police departments to improve community relations, Northeast Ohio Media Group Columbus (April 30, 2015).
  104. Robert Higgs, New task force a step toward easing tensions between citizens, police, John Kasich says, Cleveland Plain Dealer (December 5, 2014).
  105. Kasich appoints members of Community-Police Relations task force, WKYC (January 14, 2015).
  106. 106.0 106.1 Ohio Task Force on Community-Police Relations Final Report (April 29, 2015).
  107. 107.0 107.1 Eric Sandy, State Task Force Publishes Report on Community-Police Relations, Cleveland Scene (May 4, 2015).
  108. Chrissie Thompson, Kasich orders rules for use of deadly force, Cincinnati Enquirer (April 29, 2015).
  109. Tammy Mutasa, Gov. Kasich announces police standards board in wake of shootings: Board is first for state, WLWT (April 29, 2015).
  110. Mark Gokavi, Ohio adopts first-ever police standards on deadly force, Dayton Daily News (August 28, 2015).
  111. Bradner, Eric (August 10, 2015). "John Kasich 'open' to police body cameras". CNN. Retrieved September 13, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  112. 112.0 112.1 Julie Carr Smyth, John Kasich on issues of 2016 campaign, Associated Press (July 22, 2015).
  113. 113.0 113.1 113.2 Associated Press, Records show Ohio governor John Kasich uses clemency power infrequently (March 23, 2015).
  114. Jim, Provance (January 31, 2015). "Kasich delays all executions for '15 amid drug issues". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 2015-06-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  115. "Can Europe End the Death Penalty in America?", Matt Ford. The Atlantic. February 18, 2014. Retrieved 23 jan 2017
  116. George F. Will, Kasich waits in the wings, Washington Post (March 18, 2015).
  117. Reginald Fields, Ohio Gov. John Kasich signs sentencing reform bill that favors rehab over prison for non-violent felons, Cleveland Plain Dealer (June 30, 2011).
  118. Reginald Fields, Bill easing collateral sanctions for felons in Ohio will soon be law, Cleveland Plain Dealer (June 26, 2012).
  119. Rowland, Darrel (10 September 2014). "Kasich already looking beyond November election". The Columbus Dispatch.
  120. Gary C. Mohr, Reforming A System: An Inside Perspective on How Ohio Achieved a Record-Low Recidivism Rate, Justice Center: Council of State Governments (March 12, 2012).
  121. Ohio Gov John Kasich advocating significant resources devoted to addiction services for prisoners, Sentencing Law & Policy Blog (February 7, 2015).
  122. Chrissie Thompson, Will Ohio legalize marijuana this year?, Cincinnati Enquirer (May 23, 2015).
  123. Stephen Grills John Kasich On Pot Legalization, The Late Show with Stephen Colbert, CBS (November 7, 2015.)
  124. Darrel Rowland, John Kasich would consider legalizing medical marijuana, Columbus Dispatch (February 6, 2016).
  125. Matt Wilstein, John Kasich Equates Marijuana with Heroin: 'A Scourge in This Country', Mediaite (April 21, 2015).
  126. 126.0 126.1 Matt Ferner, Here's Where The GOP's 2016 Presidential Contenders Stand On Marijuana Legalization, Huffington Post (May 6, 2015).
  127. 127.0 127.1 Jonathan Oosting, Marijuana legalization a 'terrible idea,' says GOP presidential hopeful John Kasich, MLive (September 2, 2015).
  128. Marc Kovac, Gov. Kasich votes against Issue 3, Alliance Review (October 27, 2015).
  129. John Sharp, Ohio Gov. John Kasich on legalization of marijuana: 'I hope it loses' (video), (November 3, 2015).
  130. Cory Shaffer, First responders in Ohio can now carry life-saving heroin overdose antidote, Cleveland Plain Dealer (March 12, 2014).
  131. Jason Cherkis, Gov. Kasich Makes Heroin Overdose Drug Available Without Prescription, Huffington Post (July 17, 2015).
  132. Marshall, Aaron, Ohio's $8 billion budget hole: Was it really that big?, Cleveland Plain Dealer (May 29, 2011)
  133. 133.0 133.1 133.2 133.3 133.4 Thomas Kaplan, John Kasich Boasts of Ohio Recovery, but Reality Is More Nuanced, New York Times (March 13, 2016).
  134. Jacobson, Louis, John Kasich: 'I took the state of Ohio from an $8 billion hole ... to a $2 billion surplus', PolitiFact (August 6, 2015).
  135. Thursday March 27, 2008 12:51 PM (2008-03-27). "Joe Hallett, Kasich gets set to run in 2010, 3/27/08". Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2013-07-19.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  136. Higgs, Robert, So-called 'death tax' to perish at year's end, PolitiFact (July 24, 2011)
  137. 137.0 137.1 137.2 Julie Carr Smyth, Kasich signs $71B budget after vetoing 44 items, Associated Press (July 1, 2015).
  138. 138.0 138.1 138.2 138.3 138.4 138.5 Robert Higgs, Kasich-O-Meter: Revamp the state's collective bargaining law for public employees, Politifact (March 5, 2013).
  139. 139.0 139.1 139.2 Ohio's SB 5, Explained, StateImpact/NPR (retrieved September 13, 2015). 25, 2015/ Archived July 25, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  140. Jim Provance, Kasich accepts defeat of Issue 2, Toledo Blade (November 8, 2015).
  141. CNN, Bill restricting public-sector unions passes in Ohio (March 30, 2011).
  142. 142.0 142.1 Joe Guillen, What's really in Senate Bill 5? Clearing up the rumors, misinformation surrounding collective bargaining overhaul, Cleveland Plain Dealer (March 20, 2011).
  143. 143.0 143.1 Reginald Field, Ohio voters overwhelmingly reject Issue 2, dealing a blow to Gov. John Kasich, Cleveland Plain Dealer (November 10, 2011).
  144. Michelle Everhart, Gov. John Kasich rescinds orders allowing collective bargaining for care workers, Columbus Dispatch (May 22, 2015).
  145. Janet Hook, Will Kasich's Balanced Budget Tour Lead Him to White House?, Wall Street Journal (January 23, 2015).
  146. James Hohmann, John Kasich's crusade: Behind the potential 2016 candidate's long-shot bid for a balanced budget amendment, Politico (December 14, 2014).
  147. 147.0 147.1 147.2 147.3 Alex Jaffe, Kasich outlines iron fist, velvet glove foreign policy doctrine in South Carolina, MSNBC (August 18, 2015).
  148. John Kasich on the N.S.A., New York Times (June 4, 2015).
  149. Ross Barkan, Kasich Warns Giving Government a Backdoor to Encrypted Phones Could Help Hackers, New York Observer (December 9, 2015).
  150. Andrea Peterson, Kasich doesn't understand how the tech that keeps you safe online works, Washington Post (December 16, 2015).
  151. Aaron Marshall, Kasich-O-Meter: Scrap Gov. Ted Strickland's evidence-based school funding model, Politifact (June 28, 2012).
  152. 152.0 152.1 152.2 Valerie Strauss, What Ohio Gov. John Kasich is doing to public education in his state, Washington Post (July 20, 2015).
  153. 153.0 153.1 153.2 153.3 What has Gov. John Kasich really done to school funding in Ohio?, Cleveland Plain Dealer (March 24, 2015).
  154. Overview of School Funding, Ohio Department of Education (March 1, 2016).
  155. Darrel Rowland, Kasich, FitzGerald at odds on hot-button issues, Columbus Dispatch (September 28, 2014).
  156. 156.0 156.1 156.2 156.3 Eric Bradner, Kasich revises history on Iraq war, CNN (August 16, 2015).
  157. Alexandra Jaffe, Kasich: Boots on the ground necessary to defeat ISIS, CNN (February 20, 2015).
  158. Shahien Nasiripour, Kasich Wouldn't Cancel Iran Deal, Would Send Troops to Fight ISIS, Huffington Post (July 26, 2015).
  159. Deirdre Shesgreen & Ledyard King, Kasich: Ohio to keep sanctions against Iran, Bucyrus Telegraph-Forum (September 9, 2015).
  160. Alexandra Jaffe, Kasich: Boost Defense Spending With Reforms, Lose Sequestration, NBC News (August 31, 2015).
  161. 161.0 161.1 Jessica Schulberg, The Reaction John Kasich Got for Accepting Gay Marriage Shows How Far the GOP Has Come, Huffington Post (August 7, 2015).
  162. Alan Johnson, Kasich alters order on work rights, The Columbus Dispatch (January 22, 2011).
  163. John Kasich: An 'Obviously Disappointed' Record On Equality, Human Rights Campaign (July 21, 2015).
  164. Gov. John Kasich responds to gay marriage ruling (video), Dayton Daily News (June 26, 2015).
  165. 165.0 165.1 165.2 Jack Torry, Gov. John Kasich says 'it's time to move on' from same-sex marriage ruling, Columbus Dispatch (June 28, 2015).
  166. Gov. John Kasich scores political points on gay marriage without embracing it, Cleveland Plain Dealer (August 13, 2015).
  167. Kate Davidson & Andrew Ackerman, John Kasich Says Kentucky Clerk Should Follow Law on Gay Marriage, Wall Street Journal (September 6, 2015).
  168. 168.0 168.1 168.2 168.3 168.4 168.5 Dan Friedman, How John Kasich Flipped a Mixed Gun Voting Record into an 'A' Grade from the NRA, The Trace (February 5, 2016).
  169. Benen, Steve. Ohio's Kasich expands healthcare access through Obamacare, MSNBC (22 October 2013).
  170. 170.0 170.1 170.2 170.3 Eric Bradner, Kasich in interview: Obamacare here to stay, CNN (October 21, 2014).
  171. Daniel Skinner, Medicaid in Ohio: The Politics of Expansion, Reauthorization, and Reform, Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (October 7, 2015), doi:10.1215/03616878-3424647.
  172. Domenico Montanaro, Ohio Republican Gov. Kasich On Expanding Medicaid: 'It's My Money', NPR (May 1, 2015).
  173. Catherine Candisky, Ohio's Medicaid costs $2 billion less than estimates, Columbus Dispatch (August 13, 2015).
  174. Tom LoBianco, Kasich says he's not an Obamacare hypocrite, CNN (May 27, 2015).
  175. Chrissie Thompson, Kasich-care: Priorities like Obamacare, without mandates, Cincinnati Enquirer (August 16, 2015).
  176. 176.0 176.1 176.2 176.3 Darrel Rowland, Kasich's immigration views 'evolved', Columbus Dispatch (November 21, 2014).
  177. 177.0 177.1 177.2 177.3 Anna Louie Sussman, Kasich Backs Path to Legal Status for Undocumented Immigrants, Wall Street Journal (August 9, 2015).
  178. 178.0 178.1 Kasich supports a path to legal status for those in country illegally; Trump says they 'have to go', Los Angeles Times (August 16, 2015).
  179. Alan Rappeport (27 October 2015). "John Kasich Says He's "Had It" With Rivals Peddling "Crazy" Ideas". The New York Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  180. Karen Kasler, Kasich Defends Lt. Gov. Mary Taylor after Resignation of Two Staffers, Ideastream (WVIZ/WCRN) (June 16, 2014).
  181. 181.0 181.1 Jim Letizia, Kasich Defends Taylor in Timesheet Probe, Ohio Public Radio (June 17, 2014).
  182. 182.0 182.1 John Kuntz, The race of Gov. John Kasich's all-white Cabinet only matters if he fails to create jobs: Phillip Morris, Cleveland Plain Dealer (January 21, 2011).
  183. Aaron Marshall, Gov. John Kasich makes first minority appointment to his Cabinet, Cleveland Plain Dealer (February 2, 2011).
  184. 184.0 184.1 184.2 184.3 184.4 Robert Higgs, Kasich successful in halting $400-million, high-speed rail project, Politifact (January 10, 2011).
  185. "Not So Fast: Future For High-Speed Rail Uncertain", David Schaper. NPR. November 12, 2010. Retrieved 23 jan 2017
  186. 186.0 186.1 Lisa Lambert, Tensions with states grow over high speed rail, Reuters (November 10, 2010).
  187. Jack Torry & Mark Niquette, Kasich pitches his $400M rail plan to Obama, Dayton Daily News (December 3, 2010).
  188. 188.0 188.1 188.2 Stephen Koff, Feds to Ohio: Your high-speed rail project is officially dead (and New York thanks you), Cleveland Plain Dealer (December 10, 2010).
  189. Joe Wessels, Cincinnati streetcar state funding nixed by Ohio agency, Reuters (April 12, 2011).
  190. Kasich: Can't 'justify' streetcar money, Cincinnati Enquirer (March 11, 2011).
  191. Robert Higgs, John Kasich signs transportation budget that targets billions for roadwork, bolsters driver safety (video), Cleveland Plain Dealer (April 1, 2015).
  192. 192.0 192.1 Robert Higgs, Kasich signs voting bills that end Golden Week and limit distribution of absentee ballots, Cleveland Plain Dealer (February 21, 2014).
  193. Zachary Roth, Kasich to sign restrictive Ohio voting bills, MSNBC (February 21, 2015).
  194. Reid Wilson, Ohio Republicans move to curb early, absentee voting, Washington Post (February 20, 2014).
  195. 195.0 195.1 Robert Higgs, New federal lawsuit targets changes in Ohio voting laws, Cleveland Plain Dealer (May 11, 2015).
  196. Robert Higgs, ACLU, Secretary of State Jon Husted settle federal lawsuit over access to early voting in Ohio, Cleveland Plain Dealer (April 20, 2015).
  197. Darrel Rowland, Federal lawsuit filed against Ohio's voting system, Columbus Dispatch (May 11, 2015).
  198. Darrel Rowland, Hillary Clinton draws ire of John Kasich on voting, Columbus Dispatch (June 6, 2015).
  199. 199.0 199.1 Zachary Roth, John Kasich blocks GOP scheme to target student voting, MSNBC (April 2, 2015).
  200. 200.0 200.1 Chrissie Thompson, Kasich vetoes GOP's college-voting provision, Cincinnati Enquirer (May 13, 2015).
  201. 201.0 201.1 Editorial: Gov. John Kasich's veto of college-voting restriction does the right thing for Ohio, Cleveland Plain Dealer (April 3, 2015).
  202. Fields, Reginald (2012-05-22). "Ohio Supreme Court Justice Evelyn Lundberg Stratton to retire midway through term". Retrieved 2012-05-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  203. Vardon, Joe (2012-12-20). "Kasich Names French to Supreme Court". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2012-12-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  204. 204.0 204.1 204.2 Daniel Strauss, John Kasich super PAC raises more than $11 million, Politico (July 31, 2015).
  205. Jeremy Fugleberg, Kasich campaign warchest: $2.5 million, Cincinnati Enquirer (February 1, 2016).
  206. Karl, Jonathan (May 17, 2015). "Ohio Gov. John Kasich Virtually Certain to Run for President, Sources Say". ABC News. Retrieved May 17, 2015. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  207. Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (July 21, 2015). "John Kasich Enters Crowded 2016 Race Facing Job of Catch-Up". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  208. Henry J. Gomez (December 11, 2014). "In Arizona, the first hints of what a John Kasich presidential campaign might look and sound like". Cleveland Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2014-12-12. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  209. Ingles, Jo. "U.S. latecomer Kasich touts experience as he joins Republican field". Reuters. Retrieved 21 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  210. The Editorial Board (January 30, 2016). "A Chance to Reset the Republican Race". New York Times. Retrieved 2016-02-02. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  211. Thomas Kaplan, With Calm and Experience, John Kasich Connects in New Hampshire, New York Times (January 22, 2016).
  212. Robert Costa, Ohio Gov. John Kasich heads to early primary state of South Carolina, Washington Post (February 11, 2015).
  213. Erick Trickey, How Mean Old John Kasich Became Mr. Nice: Ohio's famously abrasive governor ditches the tough talk to convince New Hampshire voters he's the anti-Trump, Politico Magazine (February 3, 2016).
  214. 214.0 214.1 214.2 214.3 Kaplan, Thomas (May 4, 2016). "John Kasich Drops Out of Presidential Race". The New York Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  215. Chrissie Thompson (February 9, 2016). "John Kasich finishes 2nd in New Hampshire primary, vaulting to prominence in GOP race". Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 2016-02-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  216. Alan Rappeport, John Kasich Wins Ohio, His Home State, New York Times (March 15, 2016).
  217. Tim Reid, Kasich Banks on Contested Convention to Win GOP Nomination, Reuters (March 14, 2016).
  218. Chrissie Thompson, John Kasich 'undecided' on backing Donald Trump, won't serve as VP, Cincinnati Enquirer (May 17, 2016).
  219. Eliza Collins, Kasich still not endorsing Trump, won't be his VP, USA Today (June 9, 2016).
  220. Kailani Koenig, John Kasich: 'Hard to Say' If I Will Ever Endorse Donald Trump, NBC News (June 9, 2016).
  221. Healy, Patrick (August 8, 2016). "Tim Kaine Says Hillary Clinton Has Learned From Email 'Mistake'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  223. Berrian, Hank (August 23, 2016). "Trump Ally Roger Stone: Kasich Will Rig Ohio For Hillary". Daily Wire.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  224. Libit, Daniel (August 9, 2016). "Yes, John Kasich is still running for president — in 2020". CNBC.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  225. Bunker, Theodore (July 20, 2016). "Kasich Looks to 2020 Assuming Trump Will Be a Loser". Newsmax.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  226. Thompson, Chrissie (November 9, 2016). "NeverTrumper John Kasich Cancels Thursday Speech". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved December 26, 2016. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  227. Detrow, Scott. "Donald Trump Secures Electoral College Win, With Few Surprises". NPR. Retrieved 19 December 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  229. Kasich 2010, p. 96.
  230. Gomez, Henry J. (May 12, 2014). "A mailman's son in McKees Rocks dreams of priesthood and politics: John Kasich 5.0". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved February 19, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  231. "Religion in Review May 2010". Retrieved 2015-02-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  232. 232.0 232.1 Cathy Lynn Grossman, 5 faith facts about Gov. John Kasich: 'God is with me wherever I happen to be', Religion News Service (July 21, 2015).
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  • Kasich, John (1999). Courage Is Contagious: Ordinary People Doing Extraordinary Things to Change the Face of America. New York: Random House. ISBN 9780385491488.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kasich, John (2010). Every Other Monday: Twenty Years of Life, Lunch, Faith, and Friendship. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781439172186.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Rechcigl, Miloslav Jr. (2013). Czech American Timeline: Chronology of Milestones in the History of Czechs in America. Bloomington, Indiana: Author House. ISBN 9781481757065.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Weisskopf, Michael; Maraniss, David (2008). Tell Newt to Shut Up: Prize-Winning Washington Post Journalists Reveal H. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781439128886.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

U.S. Representative (1983–2001)