List of state leaders in 2013

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 2013.

Africa

Asia

Europe

North America

Oceania

South America

Notes

  1. The title changed from President to Head of State of the Transition on 18 July.
  2. Eritrea only became independent in 1993.
  3. South Sudan only became independent in 2011.
  4. Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  5. Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  6. Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister in 1993–98.
  7. In 2005–10, the three-member Presidency Council was head of state collectively—whilst Talabani held his title as President amongst the entity.
  8. Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  9. Kim was referred to as supreme leader in 2011, and then appointed as First Chairman of the National Defence Commission in 2012—having been de facto leader of North Korea throughout.
  10. Palestine continues to be administered de jure by the Palestinian National Authority, and hence the Palestinian head of state and head of government jointly remain as both the president and prime minister of this corresponding National Authority. Supplementary to its existing status internationally as a partially recognised state, it remains an occupied state on the part of Israel in the West Bank.
  11. Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.
  12. Montenegro only became independent in 2006.
  13. The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is head of state and government collectively. Within this executive council, the president serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.

External links

  • Rulers—a list of rulers throughout time and places
  • WorldStatesmen—an online encyclopedia of the leaders of nations and territories