House of Normandy

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House of Normandy
Blason region fr Normandie.svg
Arms of the duchy of Normandy[nb 1]
Country France, England
Estates Normandy, England, Flanders
Founded 911
Founder Rollo
Final ruler Henry I of England
Deposition 1135
Ethnicity Norman, French, English
Cadet branches Illegitimate lines:
  • House of FitzRobert, earls of Gloucester
  • House of Dunstanville, earls of Cornwall
  1. The House of Normandy became extinct before the age of heraldry[when?].

The House of Normandy is the usual designation for the family that were the Dukes of Normandy and Kings of England which immediately followed the Norman conquest of England and lasted until the House of Plantagenet came to power in 1154. It included the Norwegian Viking Rollo and his descendants, and from William the Conqueror and his heirs down through 1135. After that it was disputed between William's grandchildren, Matilda and Stephen of the House of Blois (or Blesevin dynasty).

The Norman dukes were:

The Norman monarchs of England and Normandy were:

Norman Count of Flanders:

Family tree

Dukes of Normandy shown in bold.

Count of Normandy 911–927
William I

Count of Normandy 927–942
Richard I
‘the Fearless’

Duke of Normandy 942–996
Richard II
‘the Good’

Duke of Normandy 996–1027
Richard III
Duke of Normandy 1027
Robert I
‘the Magnificent’

Duke of Normandy 1027–35
William II (King William I)
‘the Conqueror’

Duke of Normandy 1035–87
King of England 1066–87
Robert II

Duke of Normandy 1087–1106
William II

King of England 1087–1100
Ducal Regent 1096–1100
Henry I

King of England 1100–35
Duke of Normandy 1106–35
m. Stephen II,
Count of Blois
William Clito
Count of Flanders
Ducal claimant
King of England 1135–54
Duke of Normandy 1135–44
Geoffrey, Count of Anjou
Duke of Normandy 1144–50
Matilda I
Lady of the English
William III Adelin
Duke of Normandy 1120
in his father's lifetime
Henry II
Duke of Normandy 1150–89
King of England 1154–89
‘the Young King’

Duke of Normandy 1170–83
in his father's lifetime
Richard IV (King Richard I)

Duke of Normandy &
King of England 1189–99

Duke of Normandy &
King of England 1199–1216
Henry III
Duke of Normandy 1216–59
(renounced at Treaty of Paris)
King of England 1216–72

References and notes

  1. Matilda's inheritance was usurped by her cousin Stephen of England in 1135. She recovered Normandy, but ruled in England only in 1141 as Lady of the English. However, Matilda maintained her dynastic rights until she abdicated them in favour of her son Henry II of England in 1153 following the Treaty of Wallingford.

See also

House of Normandy
New title Ruling House of the Duchy of Normandy
911 – 1154
Succeeded by
House of Plantagenet
Preceded by
House of Wessex
Ruling House of the Kingdom of England
1066 – 1154
Preceded by
House of Estridsen
Ruling House of the County of Flanders
1127 – 1128
Succeeded by
House of Alsace
New title Ruling House of the County of Eu
996 – 1246
Succeeded by
House of Lusignan